UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Deletion of Both Rab-GTPase-Activating Proteins TBC1D1 and TBC1D4 in Mice Eliminates Insulin- and AICAR-Stimulated Glucose Transport


Chadt, Alexandra; Immisch, Anja; de Wendt, Christian; Springer, Christian; Zhou, Zhou; Stermann, Torben; Holman, Geoffrey D; Loffing-Cueni, Dominique; Loffing, Johannes; Joost, Hans-Georg; Al-Hasani, Hadi (2015). Deletion of Both Rab-GTPase-Activating Proteins TBC1D1 and TBC1D4 in Mice Eliminates Insulin- and AICAR-Stimulated Glucose Transport. Diabetes, 64(3):746-759.

Abstract

The Rab-GTPase-activating proteins TBC1D1 and TBC1D4 (AS160) were previously shown to regulate GLUT4 translocation in response to activation of AKT and AMP-dependent kinase. However, knockout mice lacking either Tbc1d1 or Tbc1d4 displayed only partially impaired insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in fat and muscle tissue. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the combined inactivation of Tbc1d1 and Tbc1d4 on glucose metabolism in double-deficient (D1/4KO) mice. D1/4KO mice displayed normal fasting glucose concentrations but had reduced tolerance to intraperitoneally administered glucose, insulin, and AICAR. D1/4KO mice showed reduced respiratory quotient, indicating increased use of lipids as fuel. These mice also consistently showed elevated fatty acid oxidation in isolated skeletal muscle, whereas insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in muscle and adipose cells was almost completely abolished. In skeletal muscle and white adipose tissue, the abundance of GLUT4 protein, but not GLUT4 mRNA, was substantially reduced. Cell surface labeling of GLUTs indicated that RabGAP deficiency impairs retention of GLUT4 in intracellular vesicles in the basal state. Our results show that TBC1D1 and TBC1D4 together play essential roles in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and substrate preference in skeletal muscle and adipose cells.

Abstract

The Rab-GTPase-activating proteins TBC1D1 and TBC1D4 (AS160) were previously shown to regulate GLUT4 translocation in response to activation of AKT and AMP-dependent kinase. However, knockout mice lacking either Tbc1d1 or Tbc1d4 displayed only partially impaired insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in fat and muscle tissue. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the combined inactivation of Tbc1d1 and Tbc1d4 on glucose metabolism in double-deficient (D1/4KO) mice. D1/4KO mice displayed normal fasting glucose concentrations but had reduced tolerance to intraperitoneally administered glucose, insulin, and AICAR. D1/4KO mice showed reduced respiratory quotient, indicating increased use of lipids as fuel. These mice also consistently showed elevated fatty acid oxidation in isolated skeletal muscle, whereas insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in muscle and adipose cells was almost completely abolished. In skeletal muscle and white adipose tissue, the abundance of GLUT4 protein, but not GLUT4 mRNA, was substantially reduced. Cell surface labeling of GLUTs indicated that RabGAP deficiency impairs retention of GLUT4 in intracellular vesicles in the basal state. Our results show that TBC1D1 and TBC1D4 together play essential roles in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and substrate preference in skeletal muscle and adipose cells.

Citations

16 citations in Web of Science®
7 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

25 downloads since deposited on 17 Nov 2014
21 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:2015
Deposited On:17 Nov 2014 17:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:31
Publisher:American Diabetes Association
ISSN:0012-1797
Additional Information:The accepted manuscript is an author-created, uncopyedited electronic version of an article accepted for publication in Diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA), publisher of Diabetes, is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it by third parties. The definitive publisher-authenticated version will be available in a future issue of Diabetes in print and online at http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2337/db14-0368
Related URLs:http://www.zora.uzh.ch/115848/
PubMed ID:25249576

Download

[img]
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 3MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations