UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Does sports activity improve health? Representative evidence using proximity to sports facilities as an instrument


Brechot, Marc; Nüesch, Stephan; Franck, E (2014). Does sports activity improve health? Representative evidence using proximity to sports facilities as an instrument. IBW Working Paper Series 348, University of Zurich.

Abstract

Using representative and geocoded data from the Swiss Household Panel and the Swiss Business Census, we estimate the effect of sports activity on health care utilization and health. Because sports activity is likely correlated with unobserved determinants of health care utilization and health, we use the number of sports facilities within 6 miles of the individual’s residence as an instrument. We find that doing sports at least once a week significantly reduces the number of doctor visits, overweight and sleeping problems. The magnitudes of these effects are larger in the IV estimations than in OLS estimations, which are biased toward zero due to reporting errors in sports activity and an omitted variable bias. To know the magnitudes of the causal effects is crucial for any kind of cost-benefit analysis of promoting individual sports activity.

Using representative and geocoded data from the Swiss Household Panel and the Swiss Business Census, we estimate the effect of sports activity on health care utilization and health. Because sports activity is likely correlated with unobserved determinants of health care utilization and health, we use the number of sports facilities within 6 miles of the individual’s residence as an instrument. We find that doing sports at least once a week significantly reduces the number of doctor visits, overweight and sleeping problems. The magnitudes of these effects are larger in the IV estimations than in OLS estimations, which are biased toward zero due to reporting errors in sports activity and an omitted variable bias. To know the magnitudes of the causal effects is crucial for any kind of cost-benefit analysis of promoting individual sports activity.

Downloads

68 downloads since deposited on 20 Nov 2014
63 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:15 October 2014
Deposited On:20 Nov 2014 07:51
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:31
Series Name:IBW Working Paper Series
Related URLs:http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2510771
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:11440
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-101016

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations