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The novel species Streptococcus tigurinus and its association with oral infection


Zbinden, A; Bostanci, N; Belibasakis, G N (2015). The novel species Streptococcus tigurinus and its association with oral infection. Virulence, 6(3):177-182.

Abstract

Streptococcus tigurinus is a novel species of viridans streptococci, shown to cause severe invasive infections such as infective endocarditis, spondylodiscitis and meningitis. S. tigurinus belongs to the Streptococcus mitis group and is most closely related to Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae and Streptococcus infantis. The presence of S. tigurinus in the human oral cavity has been documented, including in patients with periodontal disease. This review addresses the available scientific knowledge on S. tigurinus and its association with closely related streptococci, and discusses its putative involvement in common oral infections. While there is as yet no strong evidence on the involvement of S. tigurinus with oral infections, its presence in the oral cavity and its association with endocarditis warrants special attention for a link between oral and systemic infection.

Streptococcus tigurinus is a novel species of viridans streptococci, shown to cause severe invasive infections such as infective endocarditis, spondylodiscitis and meningitis. S. tigurinus belongs to the Streptococcus mitis group and is most closely related to Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae and Streptococcus infantis. The presence of S. tigurinus in the human oral cavity has been documented, including in patients with periodontal disease. This review addresses the available scientific knowledge on S. tigurinus and its association with closely related streptococci, and discusses its putative involvement in common oral infections. While there is as yet no strong evidence on the involvement of S. tigurinus with oral infections, its presence in the oral cavity and its association with endocarditis warrants special attention for a link between oral and systemic infection.

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1 citation in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Streptococcus tigurinus, Streptococcus mitis group, oral infection, 10 periodontal disease, endocarditis
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:11 Dec 2014 17:53
Last Modified:23 May 2016 09:25
Publisher:Landes Bioscience
ISSN:2150-5594
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4161/21505594.2014.970472
Related URLs:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.4161/21505594.2014.970472#.VIXHEGOOp8E (Publisher)
http://www.tandfonline.com
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-102046

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