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Solute and particle retention in a small grazing antelope, the blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)


Hummel, Jürgen; Hammer, Sven; Hammer, Catrin; Ruf, Julia; Lechenne, Monique; Clauss, Marcus (2015). Solute and particle retention in a small grazing antelope, the blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 182:22-26.

Abstract

Digesta retention patterns have been suggested to play a major role in ruminant diversification. Two major digestion types have been proposed, termed ‘cattle-type’ and ‘moose-type’, that broadly correspond to the feeding categories of grazers and intermediate feeders on the one, and browsers on the other hand.Wemeasured and calculated the mean retention time (MRT) of a solute and a particle (<2mm) marker in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and the reticulorumen (RR) of a small grazer, the Indian blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra, n = 5, body mass of 26 ± 4 kg) and an intermediate feeder, the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus, n = 5, body mass of 168 ± 21 kg). MRTsolute and MRTparticle were 29 ± 4.1 h and 60 ± 6.6 h in blackbuck and 28 ± 2.5 h and 54±8.9 h in the nilgai for the GIT, and 14±1.7 h, 45±5.0 h, 19±2.0 h and 45±8.4 h for the RR, respectively. With a selectivity factor (SF, the ratio of MRTparticle to MRTsolute) in the RR of 3.2 ± 0.28 for blackbuck and 2.3 ± 0.36 for nilgai, both species are clearly in the category of ‘cattle-type’ ruminants. In particular, the high SFRR of blackbuck, in spite of its small body size, is remarkable, and leads to specific predictions on the RR anatomy of this species (such as a particularly large omasum), which can be tested in further studies. The adaptive value of a high SFRR is mainly considered as an increase in microbial productivity in the RR.

Digesta retention patterns have been suggested to play a major role in ruminant diversification. Two major digestion types have been proposed, termed ‘cattle-type’ and ‘moose-type’, that broadly correspond to the feeding categories of grazers and intermediate feeders on the one, and browsers on the other hand.Wemeasured and calculated the mean retention time (MRT) of a solute and a particle (<2mm) marker in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and the reticulorumen (RR) of a small grazer, the Indian blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra, n = 5, body mass of 26 ± 4 kg) and an intermediate feeder, the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus, n = 5, body mass of 168 ± 21 kg). MRTsolute and MRTparticle were 29 ± 4.1 h and 60 ± 6.6 h in blackbuck and 28 ± 2.5 h and 54±8.9 h in the nilgai for the GIT, and 14±1.7 h, 45±5.0 h, 19±2.0 h and 45±8.4 h for the RR, respectively. With a selectivity factor (SF, the ratio of MRTparticle to MRTsolute) in the RR of 3.2 ± 0.28 for blackbuck and 2.3 ± 0.36 for nilgai, both species are clearly in the category of ‘cattle-type’ ruminants. In particular, the high SFRR of blackbuck, in spite of its small body size, is remarkable, and leads to specific predictions on the RR anatomy of this species (such as a particularly large omasum), which can be tested in further studies. The adaptive value of a high SFRR is mainly considered as an increase in microbial productivity in the RR.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:30 Dec 2014 14:28
Last Modified:25 Sep 2016 06:03
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1095-6433
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2014.12.006
PubMed ID:25490292
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-102768

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