Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-10313
Wild, P; Senn, C; Manera, C L; Sutter, E; Schraner, E M; Tobler, K; Ackermann, M; Ziegler, U; Lucas, M S; Kaech, A (2009). Exploring the nuclear envelope of herpes simplex virus 1-infected cells by high-resolution microscopy. Journal of Virology, 83(1 ):408-419.
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Herpesviruses are composed of capsid, tegument, and envelope. Capsids assemble in the nucleus and exit the nucleus by budding at the inner nuclear membrane, acquiring tegument and the envelope. This study focuses on the changes of the nuclear envelope during herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection in HeLa and Vero cells by employing preparation techniques at ambient and low temperatures for high-resolution scanning and transmission electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Cryo-field emission scanning electron microscopy of freeze-fractured cells showed for the first time budding of capsids at the nuclear envelope at the third dimension with high activity at 10 h and low activity at 15 h of incubation. The mean number of pores was significantly lower, and the mean interpore distance and the mean interpore area were significantly larger than those for mock-infected cells 15 h after inoculation. Forty-five percent of nuclear pores in HSV-1-infected cells were dilated to more than 140 nm. Nuclear material containing capsids protrude through them into the cytoplasm. Examination of in situ preparations after dry fracturing revealed significant enlargements of the nuclear pore diameter and of the nuclear pore central channel in HSV-1-infected cells compared to mock-infected cells. The demonstration of nucleoporins by confocal microscopy also revealed fewer pores but focal enhancement of fluorescence signals in HSV-1-infected cells, whereas Western blots showed no loss of nucleoporins from cells. The data suggest that infection with HSV-1 alters the number, size, and architecture of nuclear pores without a loss of nucleoporins from altered nuclear pore complexes.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Anatomy
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Virology
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Deposited On:||13 Mar 2009 09:51|
|Last Modified:||28 Nov 2013 02:11|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Additional Information:||Copyright: American Society for Microbiology|
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