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Direct Democracy in Japan


Okamoto, Mitsuhiko; Ganz, Nils; Serdült, Uwe (2014). Direct Democracy in Japan. c2d Working Papers Series 47, Zentrum für Demokratie Aarau (ZDA).

Abstract

In general, mechanisms of direct democracy in Japan are not well established. At the national level, the National Referendum Law for the Change of the Constitution only recently came into effect on 18 May 2010, three years after its enactment. Before then there were no procedures laid out for a referendum on a constitutional amendment. At the local level, there are more options for direct citizen participation, however the result of a vote is not legally binding. This working paper aims to describe the different mechanisms of direct democracy in Japan, at the national as well as local level, to present their legal basis and frequency of use and to discuss developments since the late 1990s primarily at the local level.

Abstract

In general, mechanisms of direct democracy in Japan are not well established. At the national level, the National Referendum Law for the Change of the Constitution only recently came into effect on 18 May 2010, three years after its enactment. Before then there were no procedures laid out for a referendum on a constitutional amendment. At the local level, there are more options for direct citizen participation, however the result of a vote is not legally binding. This working paper aims to describe the different mechanisms of direct democracy in Japan, at the national as well as local level, to present their legal basis and frequency of use and to discuss developments since the late 1990s primarily at the local level.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:Working Paper Series > C2D Working Paper Series
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
340 Law
900 History
Language:English
Date:December 2014
Deposited On:23 Dec 2014 16:45
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:42
Series Name:c2d Working Papers Series
Number of Pages:24
ISSN:1662-8152 (E)
Related URLs:http://www.zdaarau.ch

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