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Flow on the rocks : motive-incentive congruence enhances flow in rock climbing


Schattke, Kaspar; Brandstätter, Veronika; Taylor, Geneviève; Kehr, Hugo M (2014). Flow on the rocks : motive-incentive congruence enhances flow in rock climbing. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 45(6):603-620.

Abstract

Flow is a state of optimal experience in which people get fully absorbed by a smoothly running activity that they pursue for the sake of it. Based on the classical approach to motivation, recent theoretical considerations suggest that incentives provided by the current activity that are congruent with one’s implicit motives will lead to flow. In a field experiment, we examined wall climbers’ achievement motive and compared their flow on four climbing routes with varying achievement incentive strengths. Only climbers with a high achievement motive experienced more flow after repeating an intra-individually skill exceeding route, which they had failed before. Performing better was a strong achievement incentive. The findings suggest that motive incentive congruence is another important precondition for flow.

Flow is a state of optimal experience in which people get fully absorbed by a smoothly running activity that they pursue for the sake of it. Based on the classical approach to motivation, recent theoretical considerations suggest that incentives provided by the current activity that are congruent with one’s implicit motives will lead to flow. In a field experiment, we examined wall climbers’ achievement motive and compared their flow on four climbing routes with varying achievement incentive strengths. Only climbers with a high achievement motive experienced more flow after repeating an intra-individually skill exceeding route, which they had failed before. Performing better was a strong achievement incentive. The findings suggest that motive incentive congruence is another important precondition for flow.

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2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:30 Apr 2015 08:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:47
Publisher:Edizioni Luigi Pozzi s.r.l.
ISSN:0047-0767
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.7352/IJSP.2014.45.603
Related URLs:http://www.researchgate.net/publication/274956149_Flow_on_the_rocks_Motive-incentive_congruence_enhances_flow_in_rock_climbing
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-104469

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