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Hydroxymethylated phyllobilins: a puzzling new feature of the dioxobilin branch of chlorophyll breakdown


Süssenbacher, Iris; Christ, Bastien; Hörtensteiner, Stefan; Kräutler, Bernhard (2014). Hydroxymethylated phyllobilins: a puzzling new feature of the dioxobilin branch of chlorophyll breakdown. Chemistry - A European Journal, 20(1):87-92.

Abstract

Colorless nonfluorescent chlorophyll (Chl) catabolites (NCCs) are formyloxobilin-type phyllobilins, which are considered the typical products of Chl breakdown in senescent leaves. However, in degreened leaves of some plants, dioxobilin-type Chl catabolites (DCCs) predominate, which lack the formyl group of the NCCs, and which arise from Chl catabolites by oxidative removal of the formyl group by a P450 enzyme. Here a structural investigation of the DCCs in the methylesterase16 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana is reported. Eight new DCCs were identified and characterized structurally. Strikingly, three of these DCCs carry stereospecifically added hydroxymethyl groups, and represent bilin-type linear tetrapyrroles with an unprecedented modification. Indeed, DCCs show a remarkable structural parallel, otherwise, to the bilins from heme breakdown.

Colorless nonfluorescent chlorophyll (Chl) catabolites (NCCs) are formyloxobilin-type phyllobilins, which are considered the typical products of Chl breakdown in senescent leaves. However, in degreened leaves of some plants, dioxobilin-type Chl catabolites (DCCs) predominate, which lack the formyl group of the NCCs, and which arise from Chl catabolites by oxidative removal of the formyl group by a P450 enzyme. Here a structural investigation of the DCCs in the methylesterase16 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana is reported. Eight new DCCs were identified and characterized structurally. Strikingly, three of these DCCs carry stereospecifically added hydroxymethyl groups, and represent bilin-type linear tetrapyrroles with an unprecedented modification. Indeed, DCCs show a remarkable structural parallel, otherwise, to the bilins from heme breakdown.

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9 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:3 January 2014
Deposited On:04 Feb 2015 10:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:47
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag Berlin
ISSN:0947-6539
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201303398
PubMed ID:24302623

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