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Temperamental differences between bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Some implications for their diagnostic validity


Eich, Dominique; Gamma, Alex; Malti, Tina; Vogt Wehrli, Marianne; Liebrenz, Michael; Seifritz, Erich; Modestin, Jiri (2014). Temperamental differences between bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Some implications for their diagnostic validity. Journal of Affective Disorders, 169:101-104.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The relationship between borderline personality disorder (BPD), bipolar disorder (BD), and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) requires further elucidation.
METHODS: Seventy-four adult psychiatric in- and out-patients, each of them having received one of these diagnoses on clinical assessment, were interviewed and compared in terms of diagnostic overlap, age and sex distribution, comorbid substance, anxiety and eating disorders, and affective temperament.
RESULTS: Diagnostic overlap within the three disorders was 54%. Comorbidity patterns and gender ratio did not differ. The disorders showed very similar levels of cyclothymia.
LIMITATIONS: Sample size was small and only a limited number of validators were tested.
CONCLUSIONS: The similar extent of cyclothymic temperament suggests mood lability as a common denominator of BPD, BD, and ADHD.

BACKGROUND: The relationship between borderline personality disorder (BPD), bipolar disorder (BD), and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) requires further elucidation.
METHODS: Seventy-four adult psychiatric in- and out-patients, each of them having received one of these diagnoses on clinical assessment, were interviewed and compared in terms of diagnostic overlap, age and sex distribution, comorbid substance, anxiety and eating disorders, and affective temperament.
RESULTS: Diagnostic overlap within the three disorders was 54%. Comorbidity patterns and gender ratio did not differ. The disorders showed very similar levels of cyclothymia.
LIMITATIONS: Sample size was small and only a limited number of validators were tested.
CONCLUSIONS: The similar extent of cyclothymic temperament suggests mood lability as a common denominator of BPD, BD, and ADHD.

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7 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 December 2014
Deposited On:16 Jan 2015 14:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:52
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0165-0327
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2014.05.028
PubMed ID:25173432

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