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Pharmacokinetics of recombinant factor XIII at steady state in patients with congenital factor XIII A-subunit deficiency


Kerlin, B; Brand, B; Inbal, A; Halimeh, S; Nugent, D; Lundblad, M; Tehranchi, R (2014). Pharmacokinetics of recombinant factor XIII at steady state in patients with congenital factor XIII A-subunit deficiency. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 12(12):2038-2043.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The use of monthly recombinant factor XIII (rFXIII) recently demonstrated favorable safety and efficacy for congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency patients aged ≥ 6 years (mentor(™) 1 trial), although the pharmacokinetics (PK) were not fully evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively evaluate the steady-state PK of rFXIII in patients aged ≥ 6 years with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency. PATIENTS/METHODS: mentor(™) 2 is an ongoing, multinational safety and efficacy trial in which patients are receiving monthly rFXIII (35 IU kg(-1) ) for ≥ 52 weeks. For this 28-day PK analysis, blood samples were collected immediately predosing, and 1 h, 2 h, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days postdosing. FXIII activity was measured and PK parameters were calculated using non-compartmental analysis, without prior baseline adjustment. Information regarding adverse events and bleeding was collected at each visit. Antibody assessments were performed predosing and at day 28. RESULTS: PK analysis in 23 patients revealed first-order elimination of rFXIII with a geometric mean half-life of 13.6 days. Mean FXIII activity was > 0.1 IU mL(-1) throughout the 28-day period, with a geometric mean peak activity of 0.87 IU mL(-1) and trough of 0.16 IU mL(-1) . The geometric mean clearance was 0.15 mL h(-1) kg(-1) . No bleeding episodes occurred during the PK session, and no anti-rFXIII antibodies were detected. Peak and trough FXIII activities were constant over time, compared with previous activities (≥ 10 rFXIII doses) in the same patients. CONCLUSIONS: Clearance of rFXIII is unaffected over time, and monthly prophylaxis with 35 IU kg(-1) rFXIII provides FXIII activity > 0.1 IU mL(-1) throughout the dosing interval in patients with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency.

BACKGROUND: The use of monthly recombinant factor XIII (rFXIII) recently demonstrated favorable safety and efficacy for congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency patients aged ≥ 6 years (mentor(™) 1 trial), although the pharmacokinetics (PK) were not fully evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively evaluate the steady-state PK of rFXIII in patients aged ≥ 6 years with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency. PATIENTS/METHODS: mentor(™) 2 is an ongoing, multinational safety and efficacy trial in which patients are receiving monthly rFXIII (35 IU kg(-1) ) for ≥ 52 weeks. For this 28-day PK analysis, blood samples were collected immediately predosing, and 1 h, 2 h, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days postdosing. FXIII activity was measured and PK parameters were calculated using non-compartmental analysis, without prior baseline adjustment. Information regarding adverse events and bleeding was collected at each visit. Antibody assessments were performed predosing and at day 28. RESULTS: PK analysis in 23 patients revealed first-order elimination of rFXIII with a geometric mean half-life of 13.6 days. Mean FXIII activity was > 0.1 IU mL(-1) throughout the 28-day period, with a geometric mean peak activity of 0.87 IU mL(-1) and trough of 0.16 IU mL(-1) . The geometric mean clearance was 0.15 mL h(-1) kg(-1) . No bleeding episodes occurred during the PK session, and no anti-rFXIII antibodies were detected. Peak and trough FXIII activities were constant over time, compared with previous activities (≥ 10 rFXIII doses) in the same patients. CONCLUSIONS: Clearance of rFXIII is unaffected over time, and monthly prophylaxis with 35 IU kg(-1) rFXIII provides FXIII activity > 0.1 IU mL(-1) throughout the dosing interval in patients with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency.

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4 citations in Web of Science®
6 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2014
Deposited On:12 Feb 2015 16:07
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:52
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1538-7933
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jth.12739
PubMed ID:25263390

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