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Electrophysiological and haemodynamic effects of vernakalant and flecainide in dyssynchronous canine hearts


van Middendorp, Lars B; Strik, Marc; Houthuizen, Patrick; Kuiper, Marion; Maessen, Jos G; Auricchio, Angelo; Prinzen, Frits W (2014). Electrophysiological and haemodynamic effects of vernakalant and flecainide in dyssynchronous canine hearts. Europace, 16(8):1249-1256.

Abstract

AIMS About one-third of patients with mild dyssynchronous heart failure suffer from atrial fibrillation (AF). Drugs that convert AF to sinus rhythm may further slowdown ventricular conduction. We aimed to investigate the electrophysiological and haemodynamic effects of vernakalant and flecainide in a canine model of chronic left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS AND RESULTS Left bundle branch block was induced in 12 canines. Four months later, vernakalant or flecainide was administered using a regime, designed to achieve clinically used plasma concentrations of the drugs, n = 6 for each drug. Epicardial electrical contact mapping showed that both drugs uniformly prolonged myocardial conduction time. Vernakalant increased QRS width significantly less than flecainide (17 ± 13 vs. 34 ± 15%, respectively). Nevertheless, both drugs equally decreased LVdP/dtmax by ∼15%, LVdP/dtmin by ∼10%, and left ventricular systolic blood pressure by ∼5% (P = n.s. between drugs). CONCLUSIONS Vernakalant prolongs ventricular conduction less than flecainide, but both drugs had a similar, moderate negative effect on ventricular contractility and relaxation. Part of these reductions seems to be related to the increase in dyssynchrony.

AIMS About one-third of patients with mild dyssynchronous heart failure suffer from atrial fibrillation (AF). Drugs that convert AF to sinus rhythm may further slowdown ventricular conduction. We aimed to investigate the electrophysiological and haemodynamic effects of vernakalant and flecainide in a canine model of chronic left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS AND RESULTS Left bundle branch block was induced in 12 canines. Four months later, vernakalant or flecainide was administered using a regime, designed to achieve clinically used plasma concentrations of the drugs, n = 6 for each drug. Epicardial electrical contact mapping showed that both drugs uniformly prolonged myocardial conduction time. Vernakalant increased QRS width significantly less than flecainide (17 ± 13 vs. 34 ± 15%, respectively). Nevertheless, both drugs equally decreased LVdP/dtmax by ∼15%, LVdP/dtmin by ∼10%, and left ventricular systolic blood pressure by ∼5% (P = n.s. between drugs). CONCLUSIONS Vernakalant prolongs ventricular conduction less than flecainide, but both drugs had a similar, moderate negative effect on ventricular contractility and relaxation. Part of these reductions seems to be related to the increase in dyssynchrony.

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2 citations in Web of Science®
3 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:August 2014
Deposited On:10 Feb 2015 16:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:53
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1099-5129
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/eut429
PubMed ID:24481779

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