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Sleep-related breathing disorders in patients with pulmonary hypertension


Ulrich, S; Fischler, M; Speich, R; Bloch, K E (2008). Sleep-related breathing disorders in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Chest, 133(6):1375-1380.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) and central sleep apnea (CSA) are common in patients with left-heart failure. We investigated the hypothesis that sleep-disordered breathing is also prevalent in patients with right ventricular dysfunction due to pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: We studied 38 outpatients (median age, 61 years; quartiles, 51 to 72) with pulmonary arterial hypertension (n = 23) or chronic thromboembolic PH (n = 15). New York Heart Association (NYHA) class was II to IV, and median 6-min walk distance was 481 m (quartiles, 429 to 550). In-laboratory polysomnography (n = 22) and ambulatory cardiorespiratory sleep studies (n = 38) including pulse oximetry were performed. Quality of life and sleepiness by the Epworth sleepiness score were assessed. RESULTS: The median apnea/hypopnea index was 8 events/h (quartiles, 4 to 19), with 8 central events (quartiles, 4 to 17), and 0 obstructive events (quartiles, 0 to 0.3) per hour. Seventeen patients (45%) had > or = 10 apnea/hypopnea events/h. Comparison of 13 patients with > or = 10 CSR/CSA events/h with 21 patients with < 10 CSR/CSA events/h (excluding 4 patients with > or = 10 obstructive events/h from this analysis) revealed no difference in regard to hemodynamics, NYHA class, and Epworth sleepiness scores. However, patients with > or = 10 CSR/CSA events/h had a reduced quality of life in the physical domains. Ambulatory cardiorespiratory sleep studies accurately predicted > or = 10 apnea/hypopnea events/h during polysomnography in patients who underwent both studies (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.93; SE +/- 0.06; p = 0.002). The corresponding value for pulse oximetry was 0.63 +/- 0.14 (p = not significant). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with PH, CSR/CSA is common, but obstructive sleep apnea also occurs. Sleep-related breathing disorders are not associated with excessive sleepiness but affect quality of life. They should be evaluated by polysomnography or cardiorespiratory sleep studies because pulse oximetry may fail to detect significant sleep apnea.

BACKGROUND: Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) and central sleep apnea (CSA) are common in patients with left-heart failure. We investigated the hypothesis that sleep-disordered breathing is also prevalent in patients with right ventricular dysfunction due to pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: We studied 38 outpatients (median age, 61 years; quartiles, 51 to 72) with pulmonary arterial hypertension (n = 23) or chronic thromboembolic PH (n = 15). New York Heart Association (NYHA) class was II to IV, and median 6-min walk distance was 481 m (quartiles, 429 to 550). In-laboratory polysomnography (n = 22) and ambulatory cardiorespiratory sleep studies (n = 38) including pulse oximetry were performed. Quality of life and sleepiness by the Epworth sleepiness score were assessed. RESULTS: The median apnea/hypopnea index was 8 events/h (quartiles, 4 to 19), with 8 central events (quartiles, 4 to 17), and 0 obstructive events (quartiles, 0 to 0.3) per hour. Seventeen patients (45%) had > or = 10 apnea/hypopnea events/h. Comparison of 13 patients with > or = 10 CSR/CSA events/h with 21 patients with < 10 CSR/CSA events/h (excluding 4 patients with > or = 10 obstructive events/h from this analysis) revealed no difference in regard to hemodynamics, NYHA class, and Epworth sleepiness scores. However, patients with > or = 10 CSR/CSA events/h had a reduced quality of life in the physical domains. Ambulatory cardiorespiratory sleep studies accurately predicted > or = 10 apnea/hypopnea events/h during polysomnography in patients who underwent both studies (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.93; SE +/- 0.06; p = 0.002). The corresponding value for pulse oximetry was 0.63 +/- 0.14 (p = not significant). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with PH, CSR/CSA is common, but obstructive sleep apnea also occurs. Sleep-related breathing disorders are not associated with excessive sleepiness but affect quality of life. They should be evaluated by polysomnography or cardiorespiratory sleep studies because pulse oximetry may fail to detect significant sleep apnea.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:19 Jan 2009 14:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:50
Publisher:American College of Chest Physicians
ISSN:0012-3692
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1378/chest.07-3035
PubMed ID:18339776
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-10608

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