UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Effects of mannitol bolus administration on intracranial pressure, cerebral extracellular metabolites, and tissue oxygenation in severely head-injured patients


Sakowitz, O W; Stover, J F; Sarrafzadeh, A S; Unterberg, A W; Kiening, K L (2007). Effects of mannitol bolus administration on intracranial pressure, cerebral extracellular metabolites, and tissue oxygenation in severely head-injured patients. Journal of Trauma - Injury Infection & Critical Care, 62(2):292-298.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osmotic agents are widely used to lower elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). However, little data are available regarding cerebral oxygenation and metabolism in the traumatized brains studied under clinical conditions. The present prospective, open-labeled clinical study was designed to investigate whether administration of mannitol, with the aim of reducing moderate intracranial hypertension, improves cerebral metabolism and oxygenation in patients after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Multimodal cerebral monitoring (MCM), consisting of intraparenchymal ICP, tissue oxygenation (ptiO2), and micro dialysis measurements was initiated in six male TBI patients (mean age 45 years; Glasgow Coma Scale score <9). A total of 14 mannitol boli (20%, 0.5g/kg, 20 minutes infusion time) were administered to treat ICP exceeding 20 mm Hg (2.7 kPa). Temporal alterations determined by MCM after mannitol infusions were recorded for 120 minutes. Microdialysates were assayed immediately for extracellular glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and glutamate concentrations. RESULTS: Elevated ICP was successfully treated in all cases. This effect was maximal 40 minutes after start of infusion (25 +/- 6 mm Hg [3.3 +/- 0.8 kPa] to 17 +/- 3 mm Hg [2.3 +/- 0.4 kPa], p < 0.05) and lasted up to 100 minutes. Cerebral ptiO2 remained unaffected (21 +/- 5 mm Hg [2.8 +/- 0.7 kPa] to 23 +/- 6 mm Hg [3.1 +/- 0.8 kPa], n.s.). Microdialysate concentrations of all analytes rose unspecifically by 10% to 40% from baseline, reaching maximum concentrations 40 to 60 minutes after start of the infusion. CONCLUSIONS: Mannitol efficiently reduces increased ICP. At an ICP of up to 30 mm Hg [4 kPa] it does not affect cerebral oxygenation. Unspecific increases of extracellular fluid metabolites can be explained by transient osmotic dehydration. Additional mechanisms, such as increased cerebral perfusion and blood volume, might explain an accelerated return to baseline.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osmotic agents are widely used to lower elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). However, little data are available regarding cerebral oxygenation and metabolism in the traumatized brains studied under clinical conditions. The present prospective, open-labeled clinical study was designed to investigate whether administration of mannitol, with the aim of reducing moderate intracranial hypertension, improves cerebral metabolism and oxygenation in patients after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Multimodal cerebral monitoring (MCM), consisting of intraparenchymal ICP, tissue oxygenation (ptiO2), and micro dialysis measurements was initiated in six male TBI patients (mean age 45 years; Glasgow Coma Scale score <9). A total of 14 mannitol boli (20%, 0.5g/kg, 20 minutes infusion time) were administered to treat ICP exceeding 20 mm Hg (2.7 kPa). Temporal alterations determined by MCM after mannitol infusions were recorded for 120 minutes. Microdialysates were assayed immediately for extracellular glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and glutamate concentrations. RESULTS: Elevated ICP was successfully treated in all cases. This effect was maximal 40 minutes after start of infusion (25 +/- 6 mm Hg [3.3 +/- 0.8 kPa] to 17 +/- 3 mm Hg [2.3 +/- 0.4 kPa], p < 0.05) and lasted up to 100 minutes. Cerebral ptiO2 remained unaffected (21 +/- 5 mm Hg [2.8 +/- 0.7 kPa] to 23 +/- 6 mm Hg [3.1 +/- 0.8 kPa], n.s.). Microdialysate concentrations of all analytes rose unspecifically by 10% to 40% from baseline, reaching maximum concentrations 40 to 60 minutes after start of the infusion. CONCLUSIONS: Mannitol efficiently reduces increased ICP. At an ICP of up to 30 mm Hg [4 kPa] it does not affect cerebral oxygenation. Unspecific increases of extracellular fluid metabolites can be explained by transient osmotic dehydration. Additional mechanisms, such as increased cerebral perfusion and blood volume, might explain an accelerated return to baseline.

Citations

35 citations in Web of Science®
40 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 18 Mar 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Intensive Care Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:18 Mar 2009 13:09
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:50
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0022-5282
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000203560.03937.2d
PubMed ID:17297315

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations