Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-10664
Stover, J F; Schöning, B; Beyer, T F; Woiciechowsky, C; Unterberg, A W (2000). Temporal profile of cerebrospinal fluid glutamate, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in relation to brain edema and contusion following controlled cortical impact injury in rats. Neuroscience Letters, 288(1):25-28.
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Traumatic brain injury is associated with release of the excitotoxin glutamate and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Following controlled cortical impact injury, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glutamate, IL-6, and TNF-alpha concentrations were measured to investigate their relationship to evolving tissue damage. Compared to non-traumatized rats CSF glutamate, IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels were significantly increased by 8 h after trauma (P<0.005). Parallel to increasing brain swelling and contusion CSF glutamate was significantly elevated over time, reaching highest levels by 48 h (33+/-4 microM) while IL-6 and TNF-alpha showed maximum values at 24 h after trauma (42+/-7 and 4.7+/-1 pg/ml) (P<0.005). The observed different temporal profile of CSF glutamate, IL-6, and TNF-alpha following focal traumatic brain injury could be of therapeutic importance.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Intensive Care Medicine|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||18 Sep 2009 08:02|
|Last Modified:||28 Nov 2013 02:03|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 54|
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