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Ar implantation beneath graphene on Ru(0001): Nanotents and “can-opener” effect


Cun, Huanyao; Iannuzzi, Marcella; Hemmi, Adrian; Osterwalder, Jürg; Greber, Thomas (2015). Ar implantation beneath graphene on Ru(0001): Nanotents and “can-opener” effect. Surface Science, 634:95-102.

Abstract

Exposing a monolayer of graphene on ruthenium (g/Ru(0001)) to low energy Ar+ ions leads to nanotent formation and “can-opener” effect, similar phenomena as observed for h-BN/Rh(111) targets (Cun, Iannuzzi, Hemmi, Roth, Osterwalder and Greber, 2013). Nanotents are extra protrusions in the sp2 monolayers beneath which atoms are immobilized at room temperature. Annealing the Ar+ implanted structures results in the “can-opener” effect, i.e., the formation of voids with a diameter of about 2 nm within the graphene layer. The voids preferentially settle in the “hill” regions of the g/Ru(0001) superstructure and thus display spacial selectivity. This provides a convenient method to control defect positions within graphene membranes with nanometer precision. The results are obtained by scanning tunneling microscopy, low energy electron diffraction and photoemission, and are backed with density functional theory calculations.

Exposing a monolayer of graphene on ruthenium (g/Ru(0001)) to low energy Ar+ ions leads to nanotent formation and “can-opener” effect, similar phenomena as observed for h-BN/Rh(111) targets (Cun, Iannuzzi, Hemmi, Roth, Osterwalder and Greber, 2013). Nanotents are extra protrusions in the sp2 monolayers beneath which atoms are immobilized at room temperature. Annealing the Ar+ implanted structures results in the “can-opener” effect, i.e., the formation of voids with a diameter of about 2 nm within the graphene layer. The voids preferentially settle in the “hill” regions of the g/Ru(0001) superstructure and thus display spacial selectivity. This provides a convenient method to control defect positions within graphene membranes with nanometer precision. The results are obtained by scanning tunneling microscopy, low energy electron diffraction and photoemission, and are backed with density functional theory calculations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:23 Jan 2015 14:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:56
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0039-6028
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.susc.2014.11.004

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