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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-10721

Rixen, C; Huovinen, C; Huovinen, K; Stöckli, V; Schmid, B (2008). A plant diversity x water chemistry experiment in subalpine grassland. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 10(1):51-61.

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Abstract

Plant diversity has been shown to drive important ecosystem functions such as productivity. At the same time, plant
diversity and species composition are altered in alpine ecosystems by human impacts such as skiing. Therefore, we
investigated impacts of decreased species richness and ski piste treatments on ecosystem functions in subalpine
grassland.
Species richness manipulations were combined with nutrient input from snow cover treated with snow additives that are commonly used on ski pistes. Three different species richness levels containing 1, 3 or 9 species randomly selected from a larger pool plus unmanipulated meadow plots were treated with four water types to simulate melt water. One water type contained the snow additive ammonium nitrate. Invasion into the communities was prevented by weeding during 2 years and allowed in three subsequent years.
Higher species richness increased plant cover and biomass and decreased their variation. The number of functional
groups in a plant assemblage had a positive effect on plant growth. Ammonium nitrate strongly increased biomass and plant cover after a single application but decreased species richness in originally diverse meadow plots. There was no significant interaction between species richness and water-type treatments.
After the cessation of weeding, the species richness of different plot types converged within 3 years due to invasion. Nevertheless, relationships between initial species richness and plant cover remained positive.
The results suggest that the diversity and species composition of alpine vegetation are important factors influencing cover and biomass, in particular during re-colonization of bare ground after disturbances such as ski-piste construction. In slow-growing alpine vegetation, initially positive diversity effects may remain even after successional convergence of species richness due to invasion. The negative effect of ammonium nitrate on species richness suggests the snow additives should only be used with care.

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8 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Artificial snow; Biodiversity experiment; Ecosystem functioning; Fertilization; Skiing; Snow additives
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:19 Jan 2009 16:39
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 23:53
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1433-8319
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ppees.2007.09.003

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