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Dobutamine mediates cytoprotection by induction of heat shock protein 70 in vitro


Roesslein, Martin; Froehlich, Christian; Jans, Frank; Piegeler, Tobias; Goebel, Ulrich; Loop, Torsten (2014). Dobutamine mediates cytoprotection by induction of heat shock protein 70 in vitro. Life Sciences, 98(2):88-95.

Abstract

AIMS Dobutamine is cytoprotective when applied before a subsequent stress. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. Dobutamine also inhibits nuclear factor (NF)-κB in human T lymphocytes. Other inhibitors of NF-κB induce a so-called heat shock response. We hypothesized that dobutamine mediates protection from apoptotic cell death by the induction of a heat shock response. MAIN METHODS Jurkat T lymphoma cells were preincubated with dobutamine (0.1, 0.5 mM) before the induction of apoptosis (staurosporine, 2 μM). DNA-binding of heat shock factor (HSF)-1 was analyzed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay, mRNA-expression of heat shock protein (hsp)70 and hsp90 by Northern Blot, activity of caspase-3 by fluorogenic caspase activity assay and cleavage of pro-caspase-3 by Western Blot. Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry after annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate staining. Hsp70 and hsp90 were inhibited using N-formyl-3,4-methylenedioxy-benzylidene-gamma-butyrolaetam and 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldana-mycin, respectively. All data are given as median and 25/75% percentile. KEY FINDINGS Pre-incubation with dobutamine inhibited staurosporine-induced annexin V-fluorescence (28 [20-32] % vs. 12 [9-15] % for dobutamine 0.1 mM and 7 [5-12] % for dobutamine 0.5 mM, p<0.001), cleavage of pro-caspase-3 as well as caspase-3-like activity (0.46 [0.40-0.48] vs. 0.32 [0.27-0.39] for Dobutamine 0.1 mM and 0.20 [0.19-0.23] for Dobutamine 0.5 mM, p<0.01). Dobutamine induced DNA-binding of HSF-1 and mRNA-expression of hsp70 and hsp90. While inhibition of Hsp90 had no effect, inhibition of Hsp70 increased the number of annexin V-positive cells (33 [32-36] % vs. 18 [16-24] %) and caspase-3-like activity (0.21 [0.19-0.23] vs. 0.16 [0.13-0.17], p<0.05). SIGNIFICANCE Dobutamine protects from apoptotic cell death via the induction of Hsp70.

AIMS Dobutamine is cytoprotective when applied before a subsequent stress. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unknown. Dobutamine also inhibits nuclear factor (NF)-κB in human T lymphocytes. Other inhibitors of NF-κB induce a so-called heat shock response. We hypothesized that dobutamine mediates protection from apoptotic cell death by the induction of a heat shock response. MAIN METHODS Jurkat T lymphoma cells were preincubated with dobutamine (0.1, 0.5 mM) before the induction of apoptosis (staurosporine, 2 μM). DNA-binding of heat shock factor (HSF)-1 was analyzed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay, mRNA-expression of heat shock protein (hsp)70 and hsp90 by Northern Blot, activity of caspase-3 by fluorogenic caspase activity assay and cleavage of pro-caspase-3 by Western Blot. Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry after annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate staining. Hsp70 and hsp90 were inhibited using N-formyl-3,4-methylenedioxy-benzylidene-gamma-butyrolaetam and 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldana-mycin, respectively. All data are given as median and 25/75% percentile. KEY FINDINGS Pre-incubation with dobutamine inhibited staurosporine-induced annexin V-fluorescence (28 [20-32] % vs. 12 [9-15] % for dobutamine 0.1 mM and 7 [5-12] % for dobutamine 0.5 mM, p<0.001), cleavage of pro-caspase-3 as well as caspase-3-like activity (0.46 [0.40-0.48] vs. 0.32 [0.27-0.39] for Dobutamine 0.1 mM and 0.20 [0.19-0.23] for Dobutamine 0.5 mM, p<0.01). Dobutamine induced DNA-binding of HSF-1 and mRNA-expression of hsp70 and hsp90. While inhibition of Hsp90 had no effect, inhibition of Hsp70 increased the number of annexin V-positive cells (33 [32-36] % vs. 18 [16-24] %) and caspase-3-like activity (0.21 [0.19-0.23] vs. 0.16 [0.13-0.17], p<0.05). SIGNIFICANCE Dobutamine protects from apoptotic cell death via the induction of Hsp70.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:11 March 2014
Deposited On:13 Feb 2015 14:58
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0024-3205
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2014.01.005
PubMed ID:24447628

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