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Double tracer gas single-breath washout: reproducibility in healthy subjects and COPD


Husemann, Kim; Berg, Nina; Engel, Jennifer; Port, Johannes; Joppek, Christoph; Tao, Ziran; Singer, Florian; Schulz, Holger; Kohlhäufl, Martin (2014). Double tracer gas single-breath washout: reproducibility in healthy subjects and COPD. European Respiratory Journal, 44(5):1210-1222.

Abstract

The applicability and interpretation of inert tracer gas washout tests is hampered by the lack of feasible protocols and reproducibility data. We assessed feasibility, variability and reproducibility of a new easy to perform double tracer gas (DTG) single-breath washout (SBW) test and compared this with conventional nitrogen washouts. In 40 healthy nonsmokers and 20 patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we performed three N2 vital capacity SBWs, three N2 multiple-breath washouts and three tidal DTG-SBW tests. Follow-up was after 1 week, 1 month and 6 months. Main outcomes were the lung clearance index (LCI) (N2 multiple-breath washout), slope of phase III (dN2) (N2 vital capacity SBW) and slope of phase III (SIIIDTG) (DTG-SBW). In healthy subjects, mean±sd LCI at baseline was 6.94±0.61, dN2 0.99±0.42% N2 per litre and SIIIDTG -0.206±0.108 g·mol(-1)·L(-1). In COPD, LCI and dN2 were significantly higher (LCI 12.23±2.67, dN2 7.43±5.38% N2 per litre; p<0.001) and SIIIDTG significantly steeper (-0.653±0.428 g·mol(-1)·L(-1), p<0.001). Reproducibility was high for main outcome parameters: the intraclass correlation coefficient over 6 months was 0.77 (0.86 in COPD) for LCI, 0.82 (0.89) for dN2 and 0.83 (0.93) for SIIIDTG. The tidal DTG-SBW is a reproducible test in healthy and COPD subjects that seems attractive for use in routine clinical settings.

The applicability and interpretation of inert tracer gas washout tests is hampered by the lack of feasible protocols and reproducibility data. We assessed feasibility, variability and reproducibility of a new easy to perform double tracer gas (DTG) single-breath washout (SBW) test and compared this with conventional nitrogen washouts. In 40 healthy nonsmokers and 20 patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we performed three N2 vital capacity SBWs, three N2 multiple-breath washouts and three tidal DTG-SBW tests. Follow-up was after 1 week, 1 month and 6 months. Main outcomes were the lung clearance index (LCI) (N2 multiple-breath washout), slope of phase III (dN2) (N2 vital capacity SBW) and slope of phase III (SIIIDTG) (DTG-SBW). In healthy subjects, mean±sd LCI at baseline was 6.94±0.61, dN2 0.99±0.42% N2 per litre and SIIIDTG -0.206±0.108 g·mol(-1)·L(-1). In COPD, LCI and dN2 were significantly higher (LCI 12.23±2.67, dN2 7.43±5.38% N2 per litre; p<0.001) and SIIIDTG significantly steeper (-0.653±0.428 g·mol(-1)·L(-1), p<0.001). Reproducibility was high for main outcome parameters: the intraclass correlation coefficient over 6 months was 0.77 (0.86 in COPD) for LCI, 0.82 (0.89) for dN2 and 0.83 (0.93) for SIIIDTG. The tidal DTG-SBW is a reproducible test in healthy and COPD subjects that seems attractive for use in routine clinical settings.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2014
Deposited On:12 Feb 2015 14:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:02
Publisher:European Respiratory Society
ISSN:0903-1936
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00085713
PubMed ID:25102960
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-108087

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