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PI3K signalling is required for a TGFβ-induced epithelial-mesenchymal-like transition (EMT-like) in human melanoma cells


Schlegel, Natalie C; von Planta, Anina; Widmer, Daniel S; Dummer, Reinhard; Christofori, Gerhard (2015). PI3K signalling is required for a TGFβ-induced epithelial-mesenchymal-like transition (EMT-like) in human melanoma cells. Experimental Dermatology, 24(1):22-28.

Abstract

Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a programme defined in epithelial cells and recognized as playing a critical role in cancer progression. Although melanoma is not a cancer of epithelial cells, hallmarks of EMT have been described to play a critical role in melanoma progression. Here, we demonstrate that long-term TGFβ exposure can induce a dedifferentiated EMT-like state resembling a previously described invasive phenotype (EMT-like). TGFβ-induced EMT-like is marked by the downregulation of melanocyte differentiation markers, such as MITF, and the upregulation of mesenchymal markers, such as N-cadherin, and an increase in melanoma cell migration and cell invasion. Pharmacological interference shows the dependency of TGFβ-induced EMT-like on the activation of the PDGF signalling pathway and the subsequent activation of PI3K in human melanoma cells. Together, the data provide novel insights into the transcriptional plasticity of melanoma cells that might contribute to tumor progression in patients and propose avenues to therapeutic interventions.

Abstract

Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a programme defined in epithelial cells and recognized as playing a critical role in cancer progression. Although melanoma is not a cancer of epithelial cells, hallmarks of EMT have been described to play a critical role in melanoma progression. Here, we demonstrate that long-term TGFβ exposure can induce a dedifferentiated EMT-like state resembling a previously described invasive phenotype (EMT-like). TGFβ-induced EMT-like is marked by the downregulation of melanocyte differentiation markers, such as MITF, and the upregulation of mesenchymal markers, such as N-cadherin, and an increase in melanoma cell migration and cell invasion. Pharmacological interference shows the dependency of TGFβ-induced EMT-like on the activation of the PDGF signalling pathway and the subsequent activation of PI3K in human melanoma cells. Together, the data provide novel insights into the transcriptional plasticity of melanoma cells that might contribute to tumor progression in patients and propose avenues to therapeutic interventions.

Citations

12 citations in Web of Science®
7 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:January 2015
Deposited On:13 Feb 2015 08:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:05
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0906-6705
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/exd.12580
PubMed ID:25363503

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