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Src, Fyn, and Yes are not required for neuromuscular synapse formation but are necessary for stabilization of agrin-induced clusters of acetylcholine receptors.


Smith, C L; Mittaud, P; Prescott, E D; Fuhrer, C; Burden, S J (2001). Src, Fyn, and Yes are not required for neuromuscular synapse formation but are necessary for stabilization of agrin-induced clusters of acetylcholine receptors. Journal of Neuroscience, 21(9):3151-3160.

Abstract

Mice deficient in src and fyn or src and yes move and breathe poorly and die perinatally, consistent with defects in neuromuscular function. Src and Fyn are associated with acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in muscle cells, and Src and Yes can act downstream of ErbB2, suggesting roles for Src family kinases in signaling pathways regulating neuromuscular synapse formation. We studied neuromuscular synapses in src(-/-); fyn(-/-) and src(-/-); yes(-/-) mutant mice and found that muscle development, motor axon pathfinding, clustering of postsynaptic proteins, and synapse-specific transcription are normal in these double mutants, showing that these pairs of kinases are not required for early steps in synapse formation. We generated muscle cell lines lacking src and fyn and found that neural agrin and laminin-1 induced normal clustering of AChRs and that agrin induced normal tyrosine phosphorylation of the AChR beta subunit in the absence of Src and Fyn. Another Src family member, most likely Yes, was associated with AChRs and phosphorylated by agrin in myotubes lacking Src and Fyn, indicating that Yes may compensate for the loss of Src and Fyn. Nevertheless, PP1 and PP2, inhibitors of Src-class kinases, did not inhibit agrin signaling, suggesting that Src class kinase activity is dispensable for agrin-induced clustering and tyrosine phosphorylation of AChRs. AChR clusters, however, were less stable in myotubes lacking Src and Fyn but not in PP1- or PP2-treated wild-type cells. These data show that the stabilization of agrin-induced AChR clusters requires Src and Fyn and suggest that the adaptor activities, rather than the kinase activities, of these kinases are essential for this stabilization.

Mice deficient in src and fyn or src and yes move and breathe poorly and die perinatally, consistent with defects in neuromuscular function. Src and Fyn are associated with acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in muscle cells, and Src and Yes can act downstream of ErbB2, suggesting roles for Src family kinases in signaling pathways regulating neuromuscular synapse formation. We studied neuromuscular synapses in src(-/-); fyn(-/-) and src(-/-); yes(-/-) mutant mice and found that muscle development, motor axon pathfinding, clustering of postsynaptic proteins, and synapse-specific transcription are normal in these double mutants, showing that these pairs of kinases are not required for early steps in synapse formation. We generated muscle cell lines lacking src and fyn and found that neural agrin and laminin-1 induced normal clustering of AChRs and that agrin induced normal tyrosine phosphorylation of the AChR beta subunit in the absence of Src and Fyn. Another Src family member, most likely Yes, was associated with AChRs and phosphorylated by agrin in myotubes lacking Src and Fyn, indicating that Yes may compensate for the loss of Src and Fyn. Nevertheless, PP1 and PP2, inhibitors of Src-class kinases, did not inhibit agrin signaling, suggesting that Src class kinase activity is dispensable for agrin-induced clustering and tyrosine phosphorylation of AChRs. AChR clusters, however, were less stable in myotubes lacking Src and Fyn but not in PP1- or PP2-treated wild-type cells. These data show that the stabilization of agrin-induced AChR clusters requires Src and Fyn and suggest that the adaptor activities, rather than the kinase activities, of these kinases are essential for this stabilization.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 May 2001
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:12
Publisher:Society for Neuroscience
ISSN:0270-6474
Additional Information:Holder of copyright: The Society for Neuroscience
Related URLs:http://www.jneurosci.org/cgi/content/abstract/21/9/3151
PubMed ID:11312300
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-110

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