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Impact of topical cooling solution and prediction of pulmonary graft viability from non-heart-beating donors


Inci, I; Arni, S; Inci, D; Zhai, W; Hillinger, S; Leskosek, B; Vogt, P; Weder, W (2008). Impact of topical cooling solution and prediction of pulmonary graft viability from non-heart-beating donors. Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 27(9):1016-1022.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Functional assessment of the potentially damaged graft from a non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) is mandatory for successful outcome after transplantation. We investigated the impact of the topical cooling solution on graft preservation and whether inflammatory markers in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) can predict pulmonary graft viability in a pig ex vivo lung perfusion model. METHODS: Pigs were euthanized and left untouched for 1 (SAL-1, PER-1) or 3 (SAL-3, PER-3) hours. Topical cooling was done with saline or low-potassium dextran solution (Perfadex) for 1 or 3 hours. In the heart-beating donor control group, the lungs were flushed, explanted and stored for 4 hours. BAL samples were taken from right lungs after explantation and assessed for nitrite, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and protein levels. Left lungs were prepared for ex vivo evaluation. Hemodynamic and oxygenation parameters were measured. RESULTS: Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), oxygenation index and Pao(2)/Fio(2) ratio differed significantly between the SAL-3 (42.2 +/- 6.0, 15.9 +/- 3.2 and 148 +/- 14.6 Wood units, respectively) and PER-3 (23.9 +/- 2.7, 6.4 +/- 0.8 and 221.7 +/- 15.06 Wood units, respectively) groups (p < 0.05). BAL IL-8 levels were higher in the SAL-3 group compared with the PER-3 group. BAL nitrite and protein levels were statistically higher in the SAL-3 group (0.98 +/- 0.17 micromol/liter, 728.3 +/- 75.7 microg/ml) than in the PER-3 (0.22 +/- 0.09 micromol/liter, 393.3 +/- 51.1 microg/ml) group (p < 0.05) and correlated with an increase in PVR (r = 0.623, p = 0.001; r = 0.530, p = 0.006, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: After 3 hours of warm ischemia topical cooling with Perfadex resulted in better graft function. Nitrite and protein levels in BAL correlated well with PVR and may therefore be used as a non-invasive marker to predict graft function for NHBDs.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Functional assessment of the potentially damaged graft from a non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) is mandatory for successful outcome after transplantation. We investigated the impact of the topical cooling solution on graft preservation and whether inflammatory markers in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) can predict pulmonary graft viability in a pig ex vivo lung perfusion model. METHODS: Pigs were euthanized and left untouched for 1 (SAL-1, PER-1) or 3 (SAL-3, PER-3) hours. Topical cooling was done with saline or low-potassium dextran solution (Perfadex) for 1 or 3 hours. In the heart-beating donor control group, the lungs were flushed, explanted and stored for 4 hours. BAL samples were taken from right lungs after explantation and assessed for nitrite, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and protein levels. Left lungs were prepared for ex vivo evaluation. Hemodynamic and oxygenation parameters were measured. RESULTS: Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), oxygenation index and Pao(2)/Fio(2) ratio differed significantly between the SAL-3 (42.2 +/- 6.0, 15.9 +/- 3.2 and 148 +/- 14.6 Wood units, respectively) and PER-3 (23.9 +/- 2.7, 6.4 +/- 0.8 and 221.7 +/- 15.06 Wood units, respectively) groups (p < 0.05). BAL IL-8 levels were higher in the SAL-3 group compared with the PER-3 group. BAL nitrite and protein levels were statistically higher in the SAL-3 group (0.98 +/- 0.17 micromol/liter, 728.3 +/- 75.7 microg/ml) than in the PER-3 (0.22 +/- 0.09 micromol/liter, 393.3 +/- 51.1 microg/ml) group (p < 0.05) and correlated with an increase in PVR (r = 0.623, p = 0.001; r = 0.530, p = 0.006, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: After 3 hours of warm ischemia topical cooling with Perfadex resulted in better graft function. Nitrite and protein levels in BAL correlated well with PVR and may therefore be used as a non-invasive marker to predict graft function for NHBDs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:22 Jan 2009 11:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:52
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1053-2498
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2008.06.003
PubMed ID:18765195

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