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Prognostic impact of B-cell lymphoma 6 in primary CNS lymphoma.


Kreher, S; Jöhrens, K; Strehlow, F; Martus, P; Borowiec, K; Radke, J; Heppner, F; Roth, P; Thiel, E; Pietsch, T; Weller, M; Korfel, A (2015). Prognostic impact of B-cell lymphoma 6 in primary CNS lymphoma. Neuro-Oncology, 17(7):1016-1021.

Abstract

BACKGROUND We investigated the prognostic significance of B-cell differentiation status and common B-cell differentiation markers in a post hoc analysis of 119 patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) homogeneously receiving high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX)-based chemotherapy within the prospective G-PCNSL-SG1 trial. METHODS We evaluated protein expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2), BCL6, CD10, and multiple myeloma oncogene 1/interferon regulatory factor 4 (MUM1/IRF4) by immunohistochemistry and analyzed the association with survival. RESULTS The median follow-up of all patients was 67.5 months. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.61 months (95% CI: 4.23-17.00). Median overall survival (OS) was 28.85 months (95% CI: 17.96-39.73). Eighty-nine tumors expressed BCL2 (92.7%), 24 (20.5%) expressed CD10, 60 (54.1%) expressed BCL6, and 87 (79.0%) expressed MUM1/IRF4. On the basis of the Hans algorithm, 80 tumors (73.4%) were classified to the non-germinal center B group, suggesting a post-germinal center origin of PCNSL. Expression of BCL6 (cutoff point 30%), but none of the other markers, was associated with shorter PFS (P = .047) and OS (P = .035). On multivariate analysis, BCL6 expression was associated with shorter PFS (hazard ratio: 1.95, 95% CI: 1.22-3.12, P = .005) but not OS (hazard ratio: 1.85, 95% CI: 0.71-4.80, P = .21). Classification according to Hans algorithm and expression status of the single B-cell markers BCL2, CD10, and MUM1/IRF4 did not correlate with prognosis. CONCLUSION The findings are limited by the fact that only 23% of all G-PCNSL-SG1 patients could be included in the analysis. If validated in an independent cohort, BCL6 may assume clinical relevance as an unfavorable prognostic biomarker in PCNSL.

BACKGROUND We investigated the prognostic significance of B-cell differentiation status and common B-cell differentiation markers in a post hoc analysis of 119 patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) homogeneously receiving high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX)-based chemotherapy within the prospective G-PCNSL-SG1 trial. METHODS We evaluated protein expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2), BCL6, CD10, and multiple myeloma oncogene 1/interferon regulatory factor 4 (MUM1/IRF4) by immunohistochemistry and analyzed the association with survival. RESULTS The median follow-up of all patients was 67.5 months. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.61 months (95% CI: 4.23-17.00). Median overall survival (OS) was 28.85 months (95% CI: 17.96-39.73). Eighty-nine tumors expressed BCL2 (92.7%), 24 (20.5%) expressed CD10, 60 (54.1%) expressed BCL6, and 87 (79.0%) expressed MUM1/IRF4. On the basis of the Hans algorithm, 80 tumors (73.4%) were classified to the non-germinal center B group, suggesting a post-germinal center origin of PCNSL. Expression of BCL6 (cutoff point 30%), but none of the other markers, was associated with shorter PFS (P = .047) and OS (P = .035). On multivariate analysis, BCL6 expression was associated with shorter PFS (hazard ratio: 1.95, 95% CI: 1.22-3.12, P = .005) but not OS (hazard ratio: 1.85, 95% CI: 0.71-4.80, P = .21). Classification according to Hans algorithm and expression status of the single B-cell markers BCL2, CD10, and MUM1/IRF4 did not correlate with prognosis. CONCLUSION The findings are limited by the fact that only 23% of all G-PCNSL-SG1 patients could be included in the analysis. If validated in an independent cohort, BCL6 may assume clinical relevance as an unfavorable prognostic biomarker in PCNSL.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:26 March 2015
Deposited On:22 Apr 2015 14:27
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:13
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1522-8517
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/nov046
PubMed ID:25817328
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-110460

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