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TAP1 down-regulation in primary melanoma lesions: an independent marker of poor prognosis


Kamarashev, Jivko; Ferrone, Soldano; Seifert, Burkhardt; Böni, Roland; Nestle, Frank O; Burg, Günter; Dummer, Reinhard (2001). TAP1 down-regulation in primary melanoma lesions: an independent marker of poor prognosis. International Journal of Cancer, 95(1):23-28.

Abstract

Melanoma tumor thickness is a major prognostic factor. Thin lesions, however, may metastasize, and sometimes thick tumors may not. To investigate the role of HLA class I-mediated antigen presentation, we correlated the expression of components of the antigen-processing machinery in primary melanoma lesions with their thickness and with the development of metastases. Seventeen formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary melanomas thinner than 0.76 mm and 21 thicker than 1.50 mm were stained with anti-LMP2, -LMP7, -TAP1, -TAP2, -HLA class I and -beta2-microglobulin monoclonal antibodies. Twenty patients remained tumor-free in the follow-up period (10.5 +/- 1.8 years). Eighteen patients relapsed within a median period of 15.0 months following tumor excision. Expression of all markers in the tested lesions was down-regulated, the frequency ranging from about 40% for LMP and TAP subunits to about 70% for HLA class I antigens. Expression of all markers was not correlated with tumor thickness. Only TAP1 and TAP2 down-regulation was significantly (p = 0.026 and 0.042, respectively) correlated with the development of metastases. This correlation was independent of tumor thickness for TAP1. We suggest that TAP1 and probably TAP2 expression in primary lesions represents an independent prognostic marker in melanoma. Abnormalities in antigen presentation may account for the lack of absolute correlation between tumor thickness and prognosis.

Melanoma tumor thickness is a major prognostic factor. Thin lesions, however, may metastasize, and sometimes thick tumors may not. To investigate the role of HLA class I-mediated antigen presentation, we correlated the expression of components of the antigen-processing machinery in primary melanoma lesions with their thickness and with the development of metastases. Seventeen formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary melanomas thinner than 0.76 mm and 21 thicker than 1.50 mm were stained with anti-LMP2, -LMP7, -TAP1, -TAP2, -HLA class I and -beta2-microglobulin monoclonal antibodies. Twenty patients remained tumor-free in the follow-up period (10.5 +/- 1.8 years). Eighteen patients relapsed within a median period of 15.0 months following tumor excision. Expression of all markers in the tested lesions was down-regulated, the frequency ranging from about 40% for LMP and TAP subunits to about 70% for HLA class I antigens. Expression of all markers was not correlated with tumor thickness. Only TAP1 and TAP2 down-regulation was significantly (p = 0.026 and 0.042, respectively) correlated with the development of metastases. This correlation was independent of tumor thickness for TAP1. We suggest that TAP1 and probably TAP2 expression in primary lesions represents an independent prognostic marker in melanoma. Abnormalities in antigen presentation may account for the lack of absolute correlation between tumor thickness and prognosis.

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37 citations in Web of Science®
42 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 January 2001
Deposited On:21 May 2015 09:53
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:15
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0020-7136
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0215(20010120)95:1<23::AID-IJC1004>3.0.CO;2-4
PubMed ID:11241306

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