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Hemodilution tolerance in elderly patients without known cardiac disease


Spahn, D R; Zollinger, A; Schlumpf, R B; Stöhr, S; Seifert, Burkhardt; Schmid, E R; Pasch, T (1996). Hemodilution tolerance in elderly patients without known cardiac disease. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 82(4):681-686.

Abstract

Hemodilution tolerance is not well defined in elderly patients. In 20 patients older than 65 yr and free from known cardiovascular disease, hemodynamic variables, ST segment deviation, and O2 consumption were determined prior to and after 6 and after 12 mL/kg isovolemic exchange of blood for 6% hydroxyethyl starch. The mean age of the patients was 76 +/- 2 yr (mean +/- SEM, range 66-88 yr). During hemodilution, hemoglobin decreased from 11.6 +/- 0.4 to 8.8 +/- 0.3 g/dL (P < 0.05). With stable filling pressures, cardiac index increased from 2.02 +/- 0.11 to 2.19 +/- 0.10 L.min-1.m-2 (P < 0.05) while systemic vascular resistance decreased from 1796 +/- 136 to 1568 +/- 126 dynes.s.cm-5 (P < 0.05) and O2 extraction increased from 28.0% +/- 0.9% to 33.0% +/- 0.8% (P < 0.05) resulting in a stable O2 consumption during hemodilution. No alterations in ST segments were observed in lead II during hemodilution. In lead V5, ST segment deviation became slightly less negative during hemodilution from -0.03 +/- 0.01 to -0.02 +/- 0.01 mV (P < 0.05). The moderate decrease in hemoglobin was fully compensated by both an increase in cardiac index and in O2 extraction. Electrocardiographic signs of myocardial ischemia were not observed in this population. In conclusion, isovolemic hemodilution to a hemoglobin value of 8.8 +/- 0.3 g/dL is well tolerated in elderly patients free from known cardiac disease at the ages of 65-88 yr.

Hemodilution tolerance is not well defined in elderly patients. In 20 patients older than 65 yr and free from known cardiovascular disease, hemodynamic variables, ST segment deviation, and O2 consumption were determined prior to and after 6 and after 12 mL/kg isovolemic exchange of blood for 6% hydroxyethyl starch. The mean age of the patients was 76 +/- 2 yr (mean +/- SEM, range 66-88 yr). During hemodilution, hemoglobin decreased from 11.6 +/- 0.4 to 8.8 +/- 0.3 g/dL (P < 0.05). With stable filling pressures, cardiac index increased from 2.02 +/- 0.11 to 2.19 +/- 0.10 L.min-1.m-2 (P < 0.05) while systemic vascular resistance decreased from 1796 +/- 136 to 1568 +/- 126 dynes.s.cm-5 (P < 0.05) and O2 extraction increased from 28.0% +/- 0.9% to 33.0% +/- 0.8% (P < 0.05) resulting in a stable O2 consumption during hemodilution. No alterations in ST segments were observed in lead II during hemodilution. In lead V5, ST segment deviation became slightly less negative during hemodilution from -0.03 +/- 0.01 to -0.02 +/- 0.01 mV (P < 0.05). The moderate decrease in hemoglobin was fully compensated by both an increase in cardiac index and in O2 extraction. Electrocardiographic signs of myocardial ischemia were not observed in this population. In conclusion, isovolemic hemodilution to a hemoglobin value of 8.8 +/- 0.3 g/dL is well tolerated in elderly patients free from known cardiac disease at the ages of 65-88 yr.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 1996
Deposited On:03 Jul 2015 13:57
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:17
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0003-2999
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/00000539-199604000-00002
Official URL:http://journals.lww.com/anesthesia-analgesia/Fulltext/1996/04000/Hemodilution_Tolerance_in_Elderly_Patients_Without.2.aspx
PubMed ID:8615481

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