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Diffusion-weighted imaging of the prostate: image quality and geometric distortion of readout-segmented versus selective-excitation accelerated acquisitions


Barth, Borna K; Cornelius, Alexander; Nanz, Daniel; Eberli, Daniel; Donati, Olivio F (2015). Diffusion-weighted imaging of the prostate: image quality and geometric distortion of readout-segmented versus selective-excitation accelerated acquisitions. Investigative Radiology, 50(11):785-791.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare image quality and geometric distortion between readout-segmented diffusion-weighted imaging (rs-DWI) and selective-excitation accelerated reduced-field of view (FOV) DWI (sTX-DWI) of the prostate.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients underwent 3-T MRI of the prostate including rs-DWI and sTX-DWI (b values, 0, 50, and 1000 seconds/mm; FOV, 150 × 150 mm and 77 ×150 mm for rs-DWI and sTX-DWI; slice thickness, 3 mm; acquisition time, 8:18 min and 1:37 min for rs-DWI and sTX-DWI). Two readers evaluated aspects of image quality and geometric distortion on a 5-point Likert scale. Quantitative analysis of geometric distortion was assessed by measurements of anteroposterior and left-right diameters and compared to T2-weighted turbo-spin echo sequence using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in resolution, capsule demarcation, and zonal anatomy (P = 0.111-0.866). Overall image quality was rated "above average" by reader 1 (4.09 ± 0.66 and 4.03 ± 0.79; P = 0.433) and reader 2 (3.86 ± 0.66 and 3.80 ± 0.74; P = 0.465) for rs-DWI and sTX-DWI. Reader 1 (0.74 ± 0.67 and 1.17 ± 0.84; P < 0.001) and reader 2 (0.55 ± 0.64 and 1.09 ± 0.95; P < 0.001) rated the level of geometric distortion significantly lower for rs-DWI than sTX-DWI. Readout-segmented DWI (0.9 ± 2.2 mm) and sTX-DWI (2.1 ± 3.8 mm) overestimated the anteroposterior diameter of the prostate compared to T2-weighted turbo-spin echo sequence (P < 0.001), the difference being more pronounced for sTX-DWI [ICC, 0.89 (95% confidence interval, 0.83-0.93)] compared to rs-DWI [ICC, 0.96 (95% confidence interval, 0.94-0.96)].
CONCLUSION: Selective-excitation accelerated reduced-FOV DW images (sTX-DWI) of the prostate can be acquired more than 5 times faster than rs-DWI with comparable image quality, at the expense of significantly increased geometric distortion.

OBJECTIVE: To compare image quality and geometric distortion between readout-segmented diffusion-weighted imaging (rs-DWI) and selective-excitation accelerated reduced-field of view (FOV) DWI (sTX-DWI) of the prostate.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients underwent 3-T MRI of the prostate including rs-DWI and sTX-DWI (b values, 0, 50, and 1000 seconds/mm; FOV, 150 × 150 mm and 77 ×150 mm for rs-DWI and sTX-DWI; slice thickness, 3 mm; acquisition time, 8:18 min and 1:37 min for rs-DWI and sTX-DWI). Two readers evaluated aspects of image quality and geometric distortion on a 5-point Likert scale. Quantitative analysis of geometric distortion was assessed by measurements of anteroposterior and left-right diameters and compared to T2-weighted turbo-spin echo sequence using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in resolution, capsule demarcation, and zonal anatomy (P = 0.111-0.866). Overall image quality was rated "above average" by reader 1 (4.09 ± 0.66 and 4.03 ± 0.79; P = 0.433) and reader 2 (3.86 ± 0.66 and 3.80 ± 0.74; P = 0.465) for rs-DWI and sTX-DWI. Reader 1 (0.74 ± 0.67 and 1.17 ± 0.84; P < 0.001) and reader 2 (0.55 ± 0.64 and 1.09 ± 0.95; P < 0.001) rated the level of geometric distortion significantly lower for rs-DWI than sTX-DWI. Readout-segmented DWI (0.9 ± 2.2 mm) and sTX-DWI (2.1 ± 3.8 mm) overestimated the anteroposterior diameter of the prostate compared to T2-weighted turbo-spin echo sequence (P < 0.001), the difference being more pronounced for sTX-DWI [ICC, 0.89 (95% confidence interval, 0.83-0.93)] compared to rs-DWI [ICC, 0.96 (95% confidence interval, 0.94-0.96)].
CONCLUSION: Selective-excitation accelerated reduced-FOV DW images (sTX-DWI) of the prostate can be acquired more than 5 times faster than rs-DWI with comparable image quality, at the expense of significantly increased geometric distortion.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Barth et al: Diffusion-Weighted Imaging of the Prostate: Image Quality and Geometric Distortion of Readout-Segmented Versus Selective-Excitation Accelerated Acquisitions, 2015, Investigative Radiology.
Language:English
Date:2 July 2015
Deposited On:16 Jul 2015 13:10
Last Modified:03 Jul 2016 00:00
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0020-9996
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0000000000000184
PubMed ID:26146870
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-111664

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