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Association of salivary mutans streptococci with discoloured pits and fissures


Steiner, M; Helfenstein, Ulrich; Menghini, G (1998). Association of salivary mutans streptococci with discoloured pits and fissures. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 26(6):412-417.

Abstract

Experimental studies have demonstrated that mutans streptococci play a major role in caries etiology. Several previous epidemiologic studies found a positive association of salivary mutans streptococci with caries prevalence. The present epidemiologic study aimed at detecting a possible association of salivary mutans streptococci with brown discoloured pits and fissures, supposing that discolouration indicates caries. In the Canton of Zurich 1035 schoolchildren, aged 6.5-12.5, were examined with regard to caries prevalence and presence of discolourations in pits and fissures. A commercially available, semi-quantitative test was used to estimate the salivary level of mutans streptococci in each child. The salivary level (low/high) of mutans streptococci was significantly associated with the presence of slightly brown discoloured (C1), clearly brown discoloured (C2) and cavitated (C3) pits and fissures. The odds ratios were 1.5 (P<0.01) for C1, 2.5 (P<0.001) for C2 and 5.0 (P<0.001) for C3 pits and fissures. The findings are consistent with the hypothesis that brown discolouration indicates caries. Furthermore, the findings suggest that this type of discolouration at elementary school age indicates increased caries activity.

Abstract

Experimental studies have demonstrated that mutans streptococci play a major role in caries etiology. Several previous epidemiologic studies found a positive association of salivary mutans streptococci with caries prevalence. The present epidemiologic study aimed at detecting a possible association of salivary mutans streptococci with brown discoloured pits and fissures, supposing that discolouration indicates caries. In the Canton of Zurich 1035 schoolchildren, aged 6.5-12.5, were examined with regard to caries prevalence and presence of discolourations in pits and fissures. A commercially available, semi-quantitative test was used to estimate the salivary level of mutans streptococci in each child. The salivary level (low/high) of mutans streptococci was significantly associated with the presence of slightly brown discoloured (C1), clearly brown discoloured (C2) and cavitated (C3) pits and fissures. The odds ratios were 1.5 (P<0.01) for C1, 2.5 (P<0.001) for C2 and 5.0 (P<0.001) for C3 pits and fissures. The findings are consistent with the hypothesis that brown discolouration indicates caries. Furthermore, the findings suggest that this type of discolouration at elementary school age indicates increased caries activity.

Citations

3 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 1998
Deposited On:05 Aug 2015 14:07
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:20
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0301-5661
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.1998.tb01980.x
PubMed ID:9870541

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