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Agrin-induced activation of acetylcholine receptor-bound Src family kinases requires Rapsyn and correlates with acetylcholine receptor clustering


Mittaud, P; Marangi, P A; Erb-Vögtli, S; Fuhrer, C (2001). Agrin-induced activation of acetylcholine receptor-bound Src family kinases requires Rapsyn and correlates with acetylcholine receptor clustering. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276(17):14505-14513.

Abstract

During neuromuscular synaptogenesis, neurally released agrin induces aggregation and tyrosine phosphorylation of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) by acting through both the receptor tyrosine kinase MuSK (muscle-specific kinase) and the AChR-associated protein, rapsyn. To elucidate this signaling mechanism, we examined tyrosine phosphorylation of AChR-associated proteins, particularly addressing whether agrin activates Src family kinases bound to the AChR. In C2 myotubes, agrin induced tyrosine phosphorylation of these kinases, of AChR-bound MuSK, and of the AChR beta and delta subunits, as observed in phosphotyrosine immunoblotting experiments. Kinase assays revealed that the activity of AChR-associated Src kinases was increased by agrin, whereas phosphorylation of the total cellular kinase pool was unaffected. In both rapsyn-deficient myotubes and staurosporine-treated C2 myotubes, where AChRs are not clustered, agrin activated MuSK but did not cause either Src family or AChR phosphorylation. In S27 mutant myotubes, which fail to aggregate AChRs, no agrin-induced phosphorylation of AChR-bound Src kinases, MuSK, or AChRs was observed. These results demonstrate first that agrin leads to phosphorylation and activation of AChR-associated Src-related kinases, which requires rapsyn, occurs downstream of MuSK, and causes AChR phosphorylation. Second, this activation intimately correlates with AChR clustering, suggesting that these kinases may play a role in agrin-induced AChR aggregation by forming an AChR-bound signaling cascade.

During neuromuscular synaptogenesis, neurally released agrin induces aggregation and tyrosine phosphorylation of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) by acting through both the receptor tyrosine kinase MuSK (muscle-specific kinase) and the AChR-associated protein, rapsyn. To elucidate this signaling mechanism, we examined tyrosine phosphorylation of AChR-associated proteins, particularly addressing whether agrin activates Src family kinases bound to the AChR. In C2 myotubes, agrin induced tyrosine phosphorylation of these kinases, of AChR-bound MuSK, and of the AChR beta and delta subunits, as observed in phosphotyrosine immunoblotting experiments. Kinase assays revealed that the activity of AChR-associated Src kinases was increased by agrin, whereas phosphorylation of the total cellular kinase pool was unaffected. In both rapsyn-deficient myotubes and staurosporine-treated C2 myotubes, where AChRs are not clustered, agrin activated MuSK but did not cause either Src family or AChR phosphorylation. In S27 mutant myotubes, which fail to aggregate AChRs, no agrin-induced phosphorylation of AChR-bound Src kinases, MuSK, or AChRs was observed. These results demonstrate first that agrin leads to phosphorylation and activation of AChR-associated Src-related kinases, which requires rapsyn, occurs downstream of MuSK, and causes AChR phosphorylation. Second, this activation intimately correlates with AChR clustering, suggesting that these kinases may play a role in agrin-induced AChR aggregation by forming an AChR-bound signaling cascade.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:27 April 2001
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:12
Last Modified:26 Aug 2016 07:32
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1074/jbc.M007024200
PubMed ID:11278328
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-112

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