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Radio-frequency ablation of VX2 rabbit tumors: assessment of completeness of treatment by using contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US


Boehm, Thomas; Malich, Ansgar; Goldberg, S Nahum; Hauff, Peter; Reinhardt, Michael; Reichenbach, Juergen R; Müller, Wolfgang; Fleck, Marlies; Seifert, Burkhardt; Kaiser, Werner A (2002). Radio-frequency ablation of VX2 rabbit tumors: assessment of completeness of treatment by using contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US. Radiology, 225(3):815-821.

Abstract

PURPOSE To assess contrast material-enhanced harmonic power Doppler and fundamental color Doppler ultrasonography (US) in the detection of residual viable tumor tissue after radio-frequency (RF) ablation in tumors embedded in fat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-eight VX2 tumors were implanted into the retroperitoneum of 14 rabbits. Tumors were examined with contrast-enhanced fundamental color Doppler US and harmonic power Doppler US before and 10 minutes after RF ablation. Saline-enhanced RF ablation (30 mL/h) was performed over 10 minutes with 28-W RF power. Follow-up included repeat US examinations. Necropsies and histopathologic assessment were performed after detection of residual untreated tumor at US or 3 weeks after ablation. RESULTS VX2 tumors reached a mean size of 21 mm +/- 9 (SD) (size range, 6-43 mm) 25 days after implantation. All tumors larger than 31 mm showed signs of central necrosis at US. Before ablation, intense vascularity was detected in all tumors with both contrast-enhanced US modes. Histopathologic assessment at the end of the follow-up period revealed local relapses due to incomplete ablation in 14 (50%) of 28 cases. Detection of residual tumor was missed in all cases with contrast-enhanced color Doppler US. Contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US depicted residual flow in 12 of the 14 cases (sensitivity, 86%) in which local relapses occurred. There was a significant (P <.005, McNemar test) improvement in detection of residual tumor when the harmonic power Doppler mode was used. CONCLUSION Contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US has greater sensitivity than contrast-enhanced color Doppler US for detecting residual VX2 tumor following ablation. Therefore, contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US may be a useful additional method for the detection of residual tumors after RF ablation.

Abstract

PURPOSE To assess contrast material-enhanced harmonic power Doppler and fundamental color Doppler ultrasonography (US) in the detection of residual viable tumor tissue after radio-frequency (RF) ablation in tumors embedded in fat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-eight VX2 tumors were implanted into the retroperitoneum of 14 rabbits. Tumors were examined with contrast-enhanced fundamental color Doppler US and harmonic power Doppler US before and 10 minutes after RF ablation. Saline-enhanced RF ablation (30 mL/h) was performed over 10 minutes with 28-W RF power. Follow-up included repeat US examinations. Necropsies and histopathologic assessment were performed after detection of residual untreated tumor at US or 3 weeks after ablation. RESULTS VX2 tumors reached a mean size of 21 mm +/- 9 (SD) (size range, 6-43 mm) 25 days after implantation. All tumors larger than 31 mm showed signs of central necrosis at US. Before ablation, intense vascularity was detected in all tumors with both contrast-enhanced US modes. Histopathologic assessment at the end of the follow-up period revealed local relapses due to incomplete ablation in 14 (50%) of 28 cases. Detection of residual tumor was missed in all cases with contrast-enhanced color Doppler US. Contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US depicted residual flow in 12 of the 14 cases (sensitivity, 86%) in which local relapses occurred. There was a significant (P <.005, McNemar test) improvement in detection of residual tumor when the harmonic power Doppler mode was used. CONCLUSION Contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US has greater sensitivity than contrast-enhanced color Doppler US for detecting residual VX2 tumor following ablation. Therefore, contrast-enhanced harmonic power Doppler US may be a useful additional method for the detection of residual tumors after RF ablation.

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17 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2002
Deposited On:12 Aug 2015 13:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:21
Publisher:Radiological Society of North America
ISSN:0033-8419
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2253011564
PubMed ID:12461266

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