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Outcome of endovascular revascularisation in patients with acute obstructive mesenteric ischaemia - a single-centre experience


Puippe, Gilbert Dominique; Suesstrunk, Julian; Nocito, Antonio; Pfiffner, Roger; Glenck, Michael; Pfammatter, Thomas (2015). Outcome of endovascular revascularisation in patients with acute obstructive mesenteric ischaemia - a single-centre experience. Vasa, 44(5):363-370.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Acute embolic or thrombotic mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) is a rare but life-threatening clinical condition. Despite diagnostic and therapeutic advances, the mortality rate remains high, between 60 % and 90 %. Over the last years revascularisation was increasingly performed by endovascular techniques. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyse the clinical outcome of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and aspiration thrombectomy (AT) in patients with AMI with regard to technical success, intervention-related complication rate, need for secondary abdominal surgery, clinical course and 30-day mortality rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirteen patients (4 men, 9 women; mean age 74.5 ± 17 years) with 12 embolic and one thrombotic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) underwent emergent endovascular revascularisation of SMA. Clinical data including all imaging reports, laboratory analysis and follow-up data were derived from the electronic patient file and images were reviewed on a Picture Archiving and Communication System. RESULTS Eleven patients (n = 11; 84.6 %) underwent CDT and AT, and two patients (n = 2; 15.4 %) had AT alone. Technical success with complete restoration of SMA perfusion was achieved in 38.5 % (n = 5). Adjunctive angioplasty ± stenting was mandatory in 2 patients. Overall, the intervention-related complication rate was 38.5 %. In total, 46.2 % (n = 6) clinically improved following the intervention, while 38.5 % required explorative laparotomy after the intervention, with 2 colectomies and 2 small bowel resections. Overall, the 30-day mortality rate was 30.8 %. CONCLUSIONS Endovascular revascularisation with CDT in combination with AT is feasible, with a technical success rate of 38.5 % (n = 5). Endovascular revascularisation was beneficial for 46.2 % (n = 6) of the patients, who clinically improved following the intervention. The need for secondary explorative laparotomy was rather low, with 38.5 % (n = 5) of the patients. The 30-day-mortality remains high with 30.8 %.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Acute embolic or thrombotic mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) is a rare but life-threatening clinical condition. Despite diagnostic and therapeutic advances, the mortality rate remains high, between 60 % and 90 %. Over the last years revascularisation was increasingly performed by endovascular techniques. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyse the clinical outcome of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and aspiration thrombectomy (AT) in patients with AMI with regard to technical success, intervention-related complication rate, need for secondary abdominal surgery, clinical course and 30-day mortality rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirteen patients (4 men, 9 women; mean age 74.5 ± 17 years) with 12 embolic and one thrombotic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) underwent emergent endovascular revascularisation of SMA. Clinical data including all imaging reports, laboratory analysis and follow-up data were derived from the electronic patient file and images were reviewed on a Picture Archiving and Communication System. RESULTS Eleven patients (n = 11; 84.6 %) underwent CDT and AT, and two patients (n = 2; 15.4 %) had AT alone. Technical success with complete restoration of SMA perfusion was achieved in 38.5 % (n = 5). Adjunctive angioplasty ± stenting was mandatory in 2 patients. Overall, the intervention-related complication rate was 38.5 %. In total, 46.2 % (n = 6) clinically improved following the intervention, while 38.5 % required explorative laparotomy after the intervention, with 2 colectomies and 2 small bowel resections. Overall, the 30-day mortality rate was 30.8 %. CONCLUSIONS Endovascular revascularisation with CDT in combination with AT is feasible, with a technical success rate of 38.5 % (n = 5). Endovascular revascularisation was beneficial for 46.2 % (n = 6) of the patients, who clinically improved following the intervention. The need for secondary explorative laparotomy was rather low, with 38.5 % (n = 5) of the patients. The 30-day-mortality remains high with 30.8 %.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:September 2015
Deposited On:09 Sep 2015 15:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:23
Publisher:Hans Huber
ISSN:0301-1526
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000455
PubMed ID:26317256

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