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Crystal structure of the C-terminal 2',5'-phosphodiesterase domain of group A rotavirus protein VP3


Brandmann, Tobias; Jinek, Martin (2015). Crystal structure of the C-terminal 2',5'-phosphodiesterase domain of group A rotavirus protein VP3. Proteins, 83(5):997-1002.

Abstract

In response to viral infections, the mammalian innate immune system induces the production of the second messenger 2'-5' oligoadenylate (2-5A) to activate latent ribonuclease L (RNase L) that restricts viral replication and promotes apoptosis. A subset of rotaviruses and coronaviruses encode 2',5'-phosphodiesterase enzymes that hydrolyze 2-5A, thereby inhibiting RNase L activation. We report the crystal structure of the 2',5'-phosphodiesterase domain of group A rotavirus protein VP3 at 1.39 Å resolution. The structure exhibits a 2H phosphoesterase fold and reveals conserved active site residues, providing insights into the mechanism of 2-5A degradation in viral evasion of host innate immunity.

Abstract

In response to viral infections, the mammalian innate immune system induces the production of the second messenger 2'-5' oligoadenylate (2-5A) to activate latent ribonuclease L (RNase L) that restricts viral replication and promotes apoptosis. A subset of rotaviruses and coronaviruses encode 2',5'-phosphodiesterase enzymes that hydrolyze 2-5A, thereby inhibiting RNase L activation. We report the crystal structure of the 2',5'-phosphodiesterase domain of group A rotavirus protein VP3 at 1.39 Å resolution. The structure exhibits a 2H phosphoesterase fold and reveals conserved active site residues, providing insights into the mechanism of 2-5A degradation in viral evasion of host innate immunity.

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2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2015
Deposited On:24 Sep 2015 12:15
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:25
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0887-3585
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/prot.24794
PubMed ID:25758703

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