UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The Induction of IL-33 in the Sinus Epithelium and Its Influence on T-Helper Cell Responses


Soyka, Michael B; Holzmann, David; Basinski, Tomasz M; Wawrzyniak, Marcin; Bannert, Christina; Bürgler, Simone; Akkoc, Tunc; Treis, Angela; Rückert, Beate; Akdis, Mübeccel; Akdis, Cezmi A; Eiwegger, Thomas (2015). The Induction of IL-33 in the Sinus Epithelium and Its Influence on T-Helper Cell Responses. PLoS ONE, 10(5):e0123163.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is characterized by epithelial activation and chronic T-cell infiltration in sinonasal mucosa and nasal polyps. IL-33 is a new cytokine of the IL-1 cytokine family that has a pro-inflammatory and Th2 type cytokine induction property. The role of IL-33 in the pathomechanisms of CRS and its interaction with other T cell subsets remain to be fully understood.
METHODS: The main trigger for IL-33 mRNA expression in primary human sinonasal epithelial cells was determined in multiple cytokine and T-cell stimulated cultures. The effects of IL-33 on naïve, Th0 and memory T-cells was studied by PCR, ELISA and flow cytometry. Biopsies from sinus tissue were analyzed by PCR and immunofluorescence for the presence of different cytokines and receptors with a special focus on IL-33.
RESULTS: IL-33 was mainly induced by IFN-γ in primary sinonasal epithelial cells, and induced a typical CRSwNP Th2 favoring cytokine profile upon co-culture with T-helper cell subsets. IL-33 and its receptor ST2 were highly expressed in the inflamed epithelial tissue of CRS patients. While IL-33 was significantly up-regulated in the epithelium for CRSsNP, its receptor was higher expressed in sinus tissue from CRSwNP.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study delineates the influence of IL-33 in upper airway epithelium and a potential role of IL-33 in chronic inflammation of CRSwNP by enhancing Th2 type cytokine production, which could both contribute to a further increase of an established Th2 profile in CRSwNP.

BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is characterized by epithelial activation and chronic T-cell infiltration in sinonasal mucosa and nasal polyps. IL-33 is a new cytokine of the IL-1 cytokine family that has a pro-inflammatory and Th2 type cytokine induction property. The role of IL-33 in the pathomechanisms of CRS and its interaction with other T cell subsets remain to be fully understood.
METHODS: The main trigger for IL-33 mRNA expression in primary human sinonasal epithelial cells was determined in multiple cytokine and T-cell stimulated cultures. The effects of IL-33 on naïve, Th0 and memory T-cells was studied by PCR, ELISA and flow cytometry. Biopsies from sinus tissue were analyzed by PCR and immunofluorescence for the presence of different cytokines and receptors with a special focus on IL-33.
RESULTS: IL-33 was mainly induced by IFN-γ in primary sinonasal epithelial cells, and induced a typical CRSwNP Th2 favoring cytokine profile upon co-culture with T-helper cell subsets. IL-33 and its receptor ST2 were highly expressed in the inflamed epithelial tissue of CRS patients. While IL-33 was significantly up-regulated in the epithelium for CRSsNP, its receptor was higher expressed in sinus tissue from CRSwNP.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study delineates the influence of IL-33 in upper airway epithelium and a potential role of IL-33 in chronic inflammation of CRSwNP by enhancing Th2 type cytokine production, which could both contribute to a further increase of an established Th2 profile in CRSwNP.

Altmetrics

Downloads

10 downloads since deposited on 05 Oct 2015
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:05 Oct 2015 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:25
Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN:1932-6203
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123163
PubMed ID:25932636
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-113105

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 2MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations