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Ingenol mebutate signals via PKC/MEK/ERK in keratinocytes and induces interleukin decoy receptors IL1R2 and IL13RA2


Freiberger, Sandra N; Cheng, Phil F; Iotzova-Weiss, Guergana; Neu, Johannes; Liu, Qinxiu; Dziunycz, Piotr; Zibert, John R; Dummer, Reinhard; Skak, Kresten; Levesque, Mitchell P; Hofbauer, Günther F L (2015). Ingenol mebutate signals via PKC/MEK/ERK in keratinocytes and induces interleukin decoy receptors IL1R2 and IL13RA2. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, 14(9):2132-2142.

Abstract

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common human skin cancer and the second leading cause of skin cancer-related death. Recently, a new compound, ingenol mebutate, was approved for treatment of actinic keratosis, a precursor of SCC. As the mechanism of action is poorly understood, we have further investigated the mechanism of ingenol mebutate-induced cell death. We elucidate direct effects of ingenol mebutate on primary keratinocytes, patient-derived SCC cells, and a SCC cell line. Transcriptional profiling followed by pathway analysis was performed on ingenol mebutate-treated primary keratinocytes and patient-derived SCC cells to find key mediators and identify the mechanism of action. Activation of the resulting pathways was confirmed in cells and human skin explants and supported by a phosphorylation screen of treated primary cells. The necessity of these pathways was demonstrated by inhibition of certain pathway components. Ingenol mebutate inhibited viability and proliferation of all keratinocyte-derived cells in a biphasic manner. Transcriptional profiling identified the involvement of PKC/MEK/ERK signaling in the mechanism of action and inhibition of this signaling pathway rescued ingenol mebutate-induced cell death after treatment with 100 nmol/L ingenol mebutate, the optimal concentration for the first peak of response. We found the interleukin decoy receptors IL1R2 and IL13RA2 induced by ingenol mebutate in a PKC/MEK/ERK-dependent manner. Furthermore, siRNA knockdown of IL1R2 and IL13RA2 partially rescued ingenol mebutate-treated cells. In conclusion, we have shown that ingenol mebutate-induced cell death is mediated through the PKCδ/MEK/ERK pathway, and we have functionally linked the downstream induction of IL1R2 and IL13RA2 expression to the reduced viability of ingenol mebutate-treated cells. Mol Cancer Ther; 14(9); 2132-42. ©2015 AACR.

Abstract

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common human skin cancer and the second leading cause of skin cancer-related death. Recently, a new compound, ingenol mebutate, was approved for treatment of actinic keratosis, a precursor of SCC. As the mechanism of action is poorly understood, we have further investigated the mechanism of ingenol mebutate-induced cell death. We elucidate direct effects of ingenol mebutate on primary keratinocytes, patient-derived SCC cells, and a SCC cell line. Transcriptional profiling followed by pathway analysis was performed on ingenol mebutate-treated primary keratinocytes and patient-derived SCC cells to find key mediators and identify the mechanism of action. Activation of the resulting pathways was confirmed in cells and human skin explants and supported by a phosphorylation screen of treated primary cells. The necessity of these pathways was demonstrated by inhibition of certain pathway components. Ingenol mebutate inhibited viability and proliferation of all keratinocyte-derived cells in a biphasic manner. Transcriptional profiling identified the involvement of PKC/MEK/ERK signaling in the mechanism of action and inhibition of this signaling pathway rescued ingenol mebutate-induced cell death after treatment with 100 nmol/L ingenol mebutate, the optimal concentration for the first peak of response. We found the interleukin decoy receptors IL1R2 and IL13RA2 induced by ingenol mebutate in a PKC/MEK/ERK-dependent manner. Furthermore, siRNA knockdown of IL1R2 and IL13RA2 partially rescued ingenol mebutate-treated cells. In conclusion, we have shown that ingenol mebutate-induced cell death is mediated through the PKCδ/MEK/ERK pathway, and we have functionally linked the downstream induction of IL1R2 and IL13RA2 expression to the reduced viability of ingenol mebutate-treated cells. Mol Cancer Ther; 14(9); 2132-42. ©2015 AACR.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:September 2015
Deposited On:08 Oct 2015 13:34
Last Modified:27 Jun 2016 00:00
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN:1535-7163
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-15-0023-T
PubMed ID:26116359

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