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Titanium-zirconium narrow-diameter versus titanium regular-diameter implants for anterior and premolar single crowns: 3-year results of a randomized controlled clinical study.


Ioannidis, Alexis; Gallucci, German O; Jung, Ronald E; Borzangy, Sary; Hämmerle, Christoph H F; Benic, Goran I (2015). Titanium-zirconium narrow-diameter versus titanium regular-diameter implants for anterior and premolar single crowns: 3-year results of a randomized controlled clinical study. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 42(11):1060-1070.

Abstract

AIM To test whether titanium-zirconium (Ti-Zr) 3.3 mm diameter implants perform differently from titanium (Ti) 4.1 mm diameter implants with respect to marginal bone level (MBL) and clinical parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty patients in need of a single-implant crown in the anterior or premolar regions were enrolled in two centres. Following random allocation, either a Ti-Zr or a Ti implant was inserted. Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns were inserted 6 months after implantation. Implant survival, change in MBL, clinical parameters, change in mid-facial mucosa and papilla levels, and the occurrence of biological and technical complications were assessed at the 3-year follow-up. RESULTS At 3 years, 32 of the 40 included patients were examined (15 Ti, 17 Ti-Zr). There were no implant failures. From the implant placement to 3 years, the median change in mean MBL amounted to 0.21 mm (mean: -0.31) in the Ti group and 0.10 mm (mean: -0.40) in the Ti-Zr group. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the change in MBL, the change in mucosa levels, and the occurrence of complications. CONCLUSIONS Ti-Zr implants with 3.3 mm diameter used for the support of single crowns in the anterior and the premolar regions did not differ from Ti implants with 4.1 mm diameter regarding the clinical performance over a 3-year period. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Abstract

AIM To test whether titanium-zirconium (Ti-Zr) 3.3 mm diameter implants perform differently from titanium (Ti) 4.1 mm diameter implants with respect to marginal bone level (MBL) and clinical parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty patients in need of a single-implant crown in the anterior or premolar regions were enrolled in two centres. Following random allocation, either a Ti-Zr or a Ti implant was inserted. Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns were inserted 6 months after implantation. Implant survival, change in MBL, clinical parameters, change in mid-facial mucosa and papilla levels, and the occurrence of biological and technical complications were assessed at the 3-year follow-up. RESULTS At 3 years, 32 of the 40 included patients were examined (15 Ti, 17 Ti-Zr). There were no implant failures. From the implant placement to 3 years, the median change in mean MBL amounted to 0.21 mm (mean: -0.31) in the Ti group and 0.10 mm (mean: -0.40) in the Ti-Zr group. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the change in MBL, the change in mucosa levels, and the occurrence of complications. CONCLUSIONS Ti-Zr implants with 3.3 mm diameter used for the support of single crowns in the anterior and the premolar regions did not differ from Ti implants with 4.1 mm diameter regarding the clinical performance over a 3-year period. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:6 October 2015
Deposited On:20 Oct 2015 15:40
Last Modified:01 Oct 2016 00:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0303-6979
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12468
PubMed ID:26440201

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