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Induction of rat liver microsomal epoxide hydrolase by its endogenous substrate 16 alpha, 17 alpha-epoxyestra-1,3,5-trien-3-ol


Fändrich, F; Degiuli, B; Vogel-Bindel, U; Arand, M; Oesch, F (1995). Induction of rat liver microsomal epoxide hydrolase by its endogenous substrate 16 alpha, 17 alpha-epoxyestra-1,3,5-trien-3-ol. Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 25(3):239-244.

Abstract

1. The influence of the endogenous steroid epoxides 16 alpha, 17 alpha-epoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-3-ol (estroxide) and 16 alpha, 17 alpha-expoxiandrost-4-en-3-one (androstene oxide) and their metabolic precursors estra-1,3,5(10), 16-tetraen-3-ol (estratetraenol) and androsta-4, 16-dien-3-one (androstadienone) on the specific activities of hepatic microsomal and soluble epoxide hydrolase, glutathione S-transferase, dihydrodiol dehydrogenase, and 7-ethoxycoumarin deethylase was investigated in the male Sprague-Dawley rat. 2. Both estroxide and estratetraenol induced microsomal epoxide hydrolase activity towards styrene oxide and estroxide itself 2-2.5-fold and glutathione conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) 1.6-fold after intraperitoneal administration of a high dose of compound (300 mg per kg of body weight). 3. In addition, estroxide decreased 7-ethoxycoumarin deethylation down to 20% of the activity observed in the untreated rat, whereas estratetraenol enhanced the activity of soluble epoxide hydrolase towards trans-stilbene oxide by a factor of 1.7. 4. In contrast, neither androstene oxide nor androstadienone showed a significant influence on any of the parameters under investigation. Dihydrodiol dehydrogenase was not significantly changed by any of the treatments.

Abstract

1. The influence of the endogenous steroid epoxides 16 alpha, 17 alpha-epoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-3-ol (estroxide) and 16 alpha, 17 alpha-expoxiandrost-4-en-3-one (androstene oxide) and their metabolic precursors estra-1,3,5(10), 16-tetraen-3-ol (estratetraenol) and androsta-4, 16-dien-3-one (androstadienone) on the specific activities of hepatic microsomal and soluble epoxide hydrolase, glutathione S-transferase, dihydrodiol dehydrogenase, and 7-ethoxycoumarin deethylase was investigated in the male Sprague-Dawley rat. 2. Both estroxide and estratetraenol induced microsomal epoxide hydrolase activity towards styrene oxide and estroxide itself 2-2.5-fold and glutathione conjugation of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) 1.6-fold after intraperitoneal administration of a high dose of compound (300 mg per kg of body weight). 3. In addition, estroxide decreased 7-ethoxycoumarin deethylation down to 20% of the activity observed in the untreated rat, whereas estratetraenol enhanced the activity of soluble epoxide hydrolase towards trans-stilbene oxide by a factor of 1.7. 4. In contrast, neither androstene oxide nor androstadienone showed a significant influence on any of the parameters under investigation. Dihydrodiol dehydrogenase was not significantly changed by any of the treatments.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 1995
Deposited On:29 Oct 2015 13:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:29
Publisher:Informa Healthcare
ISSN:0049-8254
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3109/00498259509061848
PubMed ID:7618350

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