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Randomised Introduction of 2-CDA as Intensification during Consolidation for Children with High-risk AML--results from Study AML-BFM 2004


Creutzig, U; Dworzak, M; Zimmermann, M; Bourquin, J-P; Gruhn, B; Fleischhack, G; Graf, N; Klingebiel, T; Kremens, B; Lehrnbecher, T; von Neuhoff, C; von Stackelberg, A; Stray, J; Reinhardt, D (2015). Randomised Introduction of 2-CDA as Intensification during Consolidation for Children with High-risk AML--results from Study AML-BFM 2004. Klinische Pädiatrie, 227(3):116-122.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The outcome in children and adolescents with high-risk (HR) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is still unsatisfactory. Therefore, in study AML-BFM 2004 we aimed to improve outcome of HR-patients by adding moderately dosed 2-Chloro-2-Deoxyadenosine (2-CDA) to the respective consolidation treatment backbone without increasing toxicity. The aim was to improve prognosis especially in FAB M4/M5/MLL patients, who represent the largest subgroup of HR patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS In total, 343 children and adolescents with HR-AML were randomized to receive or not 2-CDA (6 mg/m²/d, days 1, 3) in combination with cytarabine/idarubicine (AI=500 mg/m² cytarabine 5 days continuous infusion plus 7 mg/m²/d idarubicin, days 3 and 5). RESULTS RESULTS for patients of the AI/2-CDA arm (n=168) vs. the AI-arm (n=175) were similar: 5-year overall survival 68±4 vs. 72±4%, plogrank=0.38, event-free survival 53±4 vs. 49±4%, plogrank=0.77; cumulative incidence of relapse at 5 years: 35±4 vs. 37±4%, p(Gray)=0.89. RESULTS in patients with MLL rearrangement or FAB M4/M5 were also similar in the treatment groups. In addition, toxicities did not differ between the two arms. CONCLUSION We conclude that additional, moderate dose 2-CDA does not improve prognosis in HR-patients when given during consolidation treatment. Its effect might be too low in this multidrug regimen, where the strongest effects are achieved during induction, or the chosen dose of 2-CDA might have been too low.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The outcome in children and adolescents with high-risk (HR) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is still unsatisfactory. Therefore, in study AML-BFM 2004 we aimed to improve outcome of HR-patients by adding moderately dosed 2-Chloro-2-Deoxyadenosine (2-CDA) to the respective consolidation treatment backbone without increasing toxicity. The aim was to improve prognosis especially in FAB M4/M5/MLL patients, who represent the largest subgroup of HR patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS In total, 343 children and adolescents with HR-AML were randomized to receive or not 2-CDA (6 mg/m²/d, days 1, 3) in combination with cytarabine/idarubicine (AI=500 mg/m² cytarabine 5 days continuous infusion plus 7 mg/m²/d idarubicin, days 3 and 5). RESULTS RESULTS for patients of the AI/2-CDA arm (n=168) vs. the AI-arm (n=175) were similar: 5-year overall survival 68±4 vs. 72±4%, plogrank=0.38, event-free survival 53±4 vs. 49±4%, plogrank=0.77; cumulative incidence of relapse at 5 years: 35±4 vs. 37±4%, p(Gray)=0.89. RESULTS in patients with MLL rearrangement or FAB M4/M5 were also similar in the treatment groups. In addition, toxicities did not differ between the two arms. CONCLUSION We conclude that additional, moderate dose 2-CDA does not improve prognosis in HR-patients when given during consolidation treatment. Its effect might be too low in this multidrug regimen, where the strongest effects are achieved during induction, or the chosen dose of 2-CDA might have been too low.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2015
Deposited On:26 Nov 2015 14:58
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:33
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0300-8630
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1548816
PubMed ID:25985446

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