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A New Illusion at Your Elbow


Brugger, P; Meier, R (2015). A New Illusion at Your Elbow. Perception, 44(2):219-221.

Abstract

On experiencing distal-proximal tactile motion on the volar side of the forearm starting at the wrist, subjects significantly anticipate touch of the elbow crook. This illusion, popular as a children's game, was quantified in ninety participants (forty-seven women) on both arms. As a top-down explanation of the illusion, we discuss a model of Bayesian inferences. As a bottom-up contribution, we consider afterdischarges of cortical neurons, which receive input from skin mechanoreceptors specifically driven by slow-motion tactile stimuli. Like previously described illusions, the elbow crook illusion is larger on the nondominant arm. Women showed a smaller illusion than men, giving testimony to their reportedly superior cutaneous sensitivity.

Abstract

On experiencing distal-proximal tactile motion on the volar side of the forearm starting at the wrist, subjects significantly anticipate touch of the elbow crook. This illusion, popular as a children's game, was quantified in ninety participants (forty-seven women) on both arms. As a top-down explanation of the illusion, we discuss a model of Bayesian inferences. As a bottom-up contribution, we consider afterdischarges of cortical neurons, which receive input from skin mechanoreceptors specifically driven by slow-motion tactile stimuli. Like previously described illusions, the elbow crook illusion is larger on the nondominant arm. Women showed a smaller illusion than men, giving testimony to their reportedly superior cutaneous sensitivity.

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2015
Deposited On:11 Dec 2015 12:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:35
Publisher:Sage Publications Ltd.
ISSN:0301-0066
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1068/p7910
PubMed ID:26561974

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