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Plasma progesterone concentrations in the mid-luteal phase are dependent on luteal size, but independent of luteal blood flow and gene expression in lactating dairy cows


Lüttgenau, J; Ulbrich, S E; Beindorff, N; Honnens, A; Herzog, K; Bollwein, H (2011). Plasma progesterone concentrations in the mid-luteal phase are dependent on luteal size, but independent of luteal blood flow and gene expression in lactating dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science, 125(1-4):20-29.

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to investigate if plasma progesterone (pP(4)) concentrations are dependent on luteal size, blood flow, or gene expression in luteal tissue. To induce cycles with high and low pP(4) concentrations, respectively, 20 lactating dairy cows received either a single treatment with 25 mg prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) on Day 4 Hour 12 (PG1; n=8), or two treatments (25 mg PGF(2α) each) on Day 4 Hours 0 and 12 (PG2; n=12) of the estrous cycle (Day 1, Hour 0=ovulation). In four cows, ovulation occurred between 4 and 6d after the second PGF(2α) treatment; these cows and one lame cow were excluded from the study. In the 15 remaining cows with physiological interovulatory intervals, pP(4), area (LTA) and volume (LTV) of luteal tissue, as well as absolute (LBF) and relative (rLBF) luteal blood flow were determined on Day 9, and relative luteal P(4) (rLP(4)) as well as luteal mRNA expression of important receptors, angiogenic, vasoactive, and steroidogenic factors were quantified on Day 11 (±1) during two successive estrous cycles. Furthermore, rLP(4) was multiplied by LTV to produce a semiquantitative assessment of absolute luteal P(4) (LP(4)). There was no effect (P>0.05) of treatment (one or two PGF(2α) treatments), neither on pP(4) concentrations nor on any other parameter in the present study. Nevertheless, there was a lower LP(4) (P=0.01), LTA (P=0.03), and LTV (P=0.02), as well as tendencies of lower pP(4) (P=0.06) and LBF (P=0.09) at first compared with second diestrus. Plasma P(4) was related with LP(4) (r=0.43, P=0.04), LTA (r=0.65, P=0.0001), and LTV (r=0.43, P=0.02), but not with rLBF (r=-0.18, P=0.34). Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between gene expression of important steroidogenic factors and P(4) concentrations in luteal tissue. Results indicate that plasma P(4) concentrations in the mid-luteal phase were dependent on luteal size, but independent of blood flow and gene expression per luteal tissue unit.

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to investigate if plasma progesterone (pP(4)) concentrations are dependent on luteal size, blood flow, or gene expression in luteal tissue. To induce cycles with high and low pP(4) concentrations, respectively, 20 lactating dairy cows received either a single treatment with 25 mg prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) on Day 4 Hour 12 (PG1; n=8), or two treatments (25 mg PGF(2α) each) on Day 4 Hours 0 and 12 (PG2; n=12) of the estrous cycle (Day 1, Hour 0=ovulation). In four cows, ovulation occurred between 4 and 6d after the second PGF(2α) treatment; these cows and one lame cow were excluded from the study. In the 15 remaining cows with physiological interovulatory intervals, pP(4), area (LTA) and volume (LTV) of luteal tissue, as well as absolute (LBF) and relative (rLBF) luteal blood flow were determined on Day 9, and relative luteal P(4) (rLP(4)) as well as luteal mRNA expression of important receptors, angiogenic, vasoactive, and steroidogenic factors were quantified on Day 11 (±1) during two successive estrous cycles. Furthermore, rLP(4) was multiplied by LTV to produce a semiquantitative assessment of absolute luteal P(4) (LP(4)). There was no effect (P>0.05) of treatment (one or two PGF(2α) treatments), neither on pP(4) concentrations nor on any other parameter in the present study. Nevertheless, there was a lower LP(4) (P=0.01), LTA (P=0.03), and LTV (P=0.02), as well as tendencies of lower pP(4) (P=0.06) and LBF (P=0.09) at first compared with second diestrus. Plasma P(4) was related with LP(4) (r=0.43, P=0.04), LTA (r=0.65, P=0.0001), and LTV (r=0.43, P=0.02), but not with rLBF (r=-0.18, P=0.34). Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between gene expression of important steroidogenic factors and P(4) concentrations in luteal tissue. Results indicate that plasma P(4) concentrations in the mid-luteal phase were dependent on luteal size, but independent of blood flow and gene expression per luteal tissue unit.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:1 February 2011
Deposited On:15 Dec 2015 11:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:40
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-4320
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2011.02.002
PubMed ID:21398055

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