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Besonderheiten der orofazialen Schmerzempfindung


Steiger, B; Ettlin, D (2015). Besonderheiten der orofazialen Schmerzempfindung. Der Schmerz, 29(2):163-170.

Abstract

BACKGROUND In the widely used German pain questionnaire, qualitative pain characteristics are assessed by the Schmerzbeschreibungsliste (SBL). In clinical practice these adjectives insufficiently cover the spectrum of orofacial pain perceptions (OFP) and have not been proven by data. The aim of this study was the analysis of a questionnaire focussing on OFP (ZZM-FB) in which nine additional pain descriptors were amended to the SBL (SBL-OF). OBJECTIVES The objectives of this work were to (1) compare selection frequencies between the items of the SBL and the SBL-OF and (2) test the null hypothesis that the SBL and SBL-OF item selection is not influenced by gender, age, pain features (intensity, duration, time pattern, distribution), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) and diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 224 patients consecutively referred to the interdisciplinary OFP unit between 2010 and 2012 completed a ZZM-FB. The corresponding diagnosis was obtained from the clinical reports. In all, 209 OFP-Q were anonymized and data retrospectively analysed at a significance level of p ≤ 0.01. RESULTS The descending rank order of the 12 most frequently selected items was as follow: pressing (SBL), dull (SBL), pulling (SBL), stinging (SBL), dreadful (SBL), miserable (SBL), exhausting (SBL-OF), grueling (SBL-OF), agonizing (SBL-OF), atrocious (SBL), horrible (SBL), pulsating (SBL). The null hypothesis was rejected for all parameters except for age. The selection frequency was significantly influenced by gender, pain intensity, duration and distribution, time pattern, HADS values and diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS In this cohort, some ADD descriptors were selected more frequently than some SBL items, indicating that the SBL does not adequately capture the characteristics of OFP. These results will be considered in the construction of a revised ZZM-FB, which is currently in development.

Abstract

BACKGROUND In the widely used German pain questionnaire, qualitative pain characteristics are assessed by the Schmerzbeschreibungsliste (SBL). In clinical practice these adjectives insufficiently cover the spectrum of orofacial pain perceptions (OFP) and have not been proven by data. The aim of this study was the analysis of a questionnaire focussing on OFP (ZZM-FB) in which nine additional pain descriptors were amended to the SBL (SBL-OF). OBJECTIVES The objectives of this work were to (1) compare selection frequencies between the items of the SBL and the SBL-OF and (2) test the null hypothesis that the SBL and SBL-OF item selection is not influenced by gender, age, pain features (intensity, duration, time pattern, distribution), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) and diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 224 patients consecutively referred to the interdisciplinary OFP unit between 2010 and 2012 completed a ZZM-FB. The corresponding diagnosis was obtained from the clinical reports. In all, 209 OFP-Q were anonymized and data retrospectively analysed at a significance level of p ≤ 0.01. RESULTS The descending rank order of the 12 most frequently selected items was as follow: pressing (SBL), dull (SBL), pulling (SBL), stinging (SBL), dreadful (SBL), miserable (SBL), exhausting (SBL-OF), grueling (SBL-OF), agonizing (SBL-OF), atrocious (SBL), horrible (SBL), pulsating (SBL). The null hypothesis was rejected for all parameters except for age. The selection frequency was significantly influenced by gender, pain intensity, duration and distribution, time pattern, HADS values and diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS In this cohort, some ADD descriptors were selected more frequently than some SBL items, indicating that the SBL does not adequately capture the characteristics of OFP. These results will be considered in the construction of a revised ZZM-FB, which is currently in development.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Distinctive features of orofacial pain perception
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Masticatory Disorders and Complete Dentures, Geriatric and Special Care Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2015
Deposited On:18 Dec 2015 09:55
Last Modified:01 May 2016 00:00
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0932-433X
Additional Information:The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00482-015-1516-9
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00482-015-1516-9
PubMed ID:25739511

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