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Hypofractionated radiotherapy for macroscopic canine soft tissue sarcoma: A retrospective study of 50 cas-es treated with a 5x6 gy protocol with or without metronomic chemotherapy


Cancedda, Simona; Marconato, Laura; Laganga, Paola; Roos, Malgorzata; Leone, Vito F; Rossi, Federica; Meier, Valeria Sabina; Rohrer Bley, Carla (2016). Hypofractionated radiotherapy for macroscopic canine soft tissue sarcoma: A retrospective study of 50 cas-es treated with a 5x6 gy protocol with or without metronomic chemotherapy. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 57(1):75-83.

Abstract

Wide surgical resection or a marginal/incomplete resection followed by full-course radiation therapy is the current standard of care for canine soft tissue sarcoma. The purpose of this retrospective, descriptive, bi-institutional study was to determine the effectiveness and toxicity of a hypofractionated 5 × 6 Gy protocol on macroscopic canine soft tissue sarcoma in terms of progression-free interval (PFI) and overall survival (OS), and to identify prognostic factors for patient outcome. Dogs with macroscopic soft tissue sarcoma irradiated with 5 × 6 Gy were eligible for the study. Progression-free interval and OS were compared with respect to different tumor and patient characteristics by the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox regression analysis. Fifty dogs with macroscopic disease were included. All dogs received the same radiation therapy protocol; part of the group (n = 20) received postradiation metronomic chemotherapy. Median PFI for all cases was 419 days (95% confidence interval (CI): 287-551) and median OS was 513 days (95% CI: 368-658). Dogs with tumors on the limbs had significantly longer PFI and OS, compared with head or trunk. Increasing tumor burden decreased OS. The addition of metronomic chemotherapy yielded a significantly longer OS (757 days (95% CI: 570-944) compared with dogs that did not receive systemic treatment (286 days (95% CI: 0-518), (P = 0.023)), but did not influence progression-free interval. Toxicity was low throughout all treatments. The 5 × 6 Gy radiation therapy protocol was well tolerated and provided long PFI and OS in dogs with macroscopic soft tissue sarcoma.

Abstract

Wide surgical resection or a marginal/incomplete resection followed by full-course radiation therapy is the current standard of care for canine soft tissue sarcoma. The purpose of this retrospective, descriptive, bi-institutional study was to determine the effectiveness and toxicity of a hypofractionated 5 × 6 Gy protocol on macroscopic canine soft tissue sarcoma in terms of progression-free interval (PFI) and overall survival (OS), and to identify prognostic factors for patient outcome. Dogs with macroscopic soft tissue sarcoma irradiated with 5 × 6 Gy were eligible for the study. Progression-free interval and OS were compared with respect to different tumor and patient characteristics by the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox regression analysis. Fifty dogs with macroscopic disease were included. All dogs received the same radiation therapy protocol; part of the group (n = 20) received postradiation metronomic chemotherapy. Median PFI for all cases was 419 days (95% confidence interval (CI): 287-551) and median OS was 513 days (95% CI: 368-658). Dogs with tumors on the limbs had significantly longer PFI and OS, compared with head or trunk. Increasing tumor burden decreased OS. The addition of metronomic chemotherapy yielded a significantly longer OS (757 days (95% CI: 570-944) compared with dogs that did not receive systemic treatment (286 days (95% CI: 0-518), (P = 0.023)), but did not influence progression-free interval. Toxicity was low throughout all treatments. The 5 × 6 Gy radiation therapy protocol was well tolerated and provided long PFI and OS in dogs with macroscopic soft tissue sarcoma.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:18 Dec 2015 15:27
Last Modified:10 Nov 2016 01:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1058-8183
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/vru.12308
PubMed ID:26551348

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