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Starting a carotid artery stenting program is safe


Roffi, M; Greutmann, M; Eberli, F R; Rainoni, L; Lüscher, T F; Amann-Vesti, B; Schwarz, U (2008). Starting a carotid artery stenting program is safe. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 71(4):469-473.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known on the performance of newly initiated carotid artery stenting (CAS) programs. The safety of the procedure is being questioned following the publication of the EVA-3S trial, a study criticized for the limited interventional experience required to enroll patients. METHODS: Within a newly started academic CAS program, patient data and outcomes were collected prospectively. The outcomes of the first 100 consecutive patients treated are reported. A CAS-fellowship-trained interventionalist was involved in all procedures. All patients underwent clinical assessment by a neurologist before and after the procedure, and serial ECG and cardiac enzymes were routinely obtained. Primary outcome measures included 30-day major adverse events (MAE), defined as death, stroke, or myocardial infarction, while on follow-up deaths and ipsilateral strokes were added. RESULTS: Between July 2003 and November 2006, 92 patients had a single internal carotid artery treated, while 7 underwent staged bilateral CAS. In one patient, the procedure was aborted prior to lesion treatment. The 30-day MAE rate per procedure was 1.9% (one major and one minor stroke). By a mean follow-up of 16 months (range 2-42 months), one patient had died of refractory heart failure, while one patient had a minor ipsilateral stroke and three had minor contralateral strokes, corresponding to total MAE per patient of 4%. The rate of any stroke or death was 7%. The rate of restenosis >or=50% per lesion by ultrasound was 3.8%. CONCLUSION: This single center experience suggests that it is safe to start a CAS program following dedicated fellowship.

BACKGROUND: Little is known on the performance of newly initiated carotid artery stenting (CAS) programs. The safety of the procedure is being questioned following the publication of the EVA-3S trial, a study criticized for the limited interventional experience required to enroll patients. METHODS: Within a newly started academic CAS program, patient data and outcomes were collected prospectively. The outcomes of the first 100 consecutive patients treated are reported. A CAS-fellowship-trained interventionalist was involved in all procedures. All patients underwent clinical assessment by a neurologist before and after the procedure, and serial ECG and cardiac enzymes were routinely obtained. Primary outcome measures included 30-day major adverse events (MAE), defined as death, stroke, or myocardial infarction, while on follow-up deaths and ipsilateral strokes were added. RESULTS: Between July 2003 and November 2006, 92 patients had a single internal carotid artery treated, while 7 underwent staged bilateral CAS. In one patient, the procedure was aborted prior to lesion treatment. The 30-day MAE rate per procedure was 1.9% (one major and one minor stroke). By a mean follow-up of 16 months (range 2-42 months), one patient had died of refractory heart failure, while one patient had a minor ipsilateral stroke and three had minor contralateral strokes, corresponding to total MAE per patient of 4%. The rate of any stroke or death was 7%. The rate of restenosis >or=50% per lesion by ultrasound was 3.8%. CONCLUSION: This single center experience suggests that it is safe to start a CAS program following dedicated fellowship.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Angiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 March 2008
Deposited On:28 Jan 2009 17:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:54
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1522-1946
Publisher DOI:10.1002/ccd.21434
PubMed ID:18307226
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-11695

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