UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Endothelial function and arterial stiffness in minimally symptomatic obstructive sleep apnea


Kohler, M; Craig, S; Nicoll, D; Leeson, P; Davies, R J O; Stradling, J R (2008). Endothelial function and arterial stiffness in minimally symptomatic obstructive sleep apnea. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 178(9):984-988.

Abstract

RATIONALE: Moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with endothelial dysfunction, increased arterial stiffness, and hypertension. It is not known whether minimally symptomatic OSA is also associated with impaired vascular function. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether minimally symptomatic OSA is associated with impaired vascular function. METHODS: In 64 patients (7 females) with minimally symptomatic OSA (oxygen desaturation index, 23.1 [SD, 15.6]; Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, 8 [SD, 3.8]), and 15 matched control subjects without OSA, endothelial function was assessed by ultrasonographic measurement of flow-mediated dilatation, and by applanation tonometry-derived pulse wave analysis (forearm ischemia and salbutamol-induced changes in augmentation index, AI(x)). Arterial stiffness was assessed by AI(x) and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) was measured over 1 week. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In patients with OSA, flow-mediated dilatation was significantly lower than in control subjects (5.0% [SD, 2.7%] and 7.5% [SD, 3.3%], respectively; P = 0.003). AI(x) was significantly higher in the OSA group compared with the control group (26.0% [interquartile range (IQR), 19.0-29.5%] and 21.0% [IQR, 8.0-27.0%], respectively; P = 0.04). Change in AI(x) after both forearm ischemia and salbutamol was significantly smaller in patients with OSA (-2.0% [IQR, -5.0 to +4.0%] and -3.0% [IQR, -7.0 to 0.0%], respectively), than in control subjects (-6.0% [IQR, -8.0 to -5.0%] and -7.0% [IQR, -10.0 to -3.0%]; P = 0.005 and P = 0.04, respectively). ABP was similar (97.6 mm Hg [SD, 7.9 mm Hg] and 94.8 mm Hg [SD, 7.4 mm Hg], OSA and control groups, respectively; P = 0.21). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with minimally symptomatic OSA, diverse properties of endothelial function are impaired and arterial stiffness is increased. Although this was not associated with a significantly increased ABP, the findings suggest that patients with minimally symptomatic OSA are at increased cardiovascular risk.

Abstract

RATIONALE: Moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with endothelial dysfunction, increased arterial stiffness, and hypertension. It is not known whether minimally symptomatic OSA is also associated with impaired vascular function. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether minimally symptomatic OSA is associated with impaired vascular function. METHODS: In 64 patients (7 females) with minimally symptomatic OSA (oxygen desaturation index, 23.1 [SD, 15.6]; Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, 8 [SD, 3.8]), and 15 matched control subjects without OSA, endothelial function was assessed by ultrasonographic measurement of flow-mediated dilatation, and by applanation tonometry-derived pulse wave analysis (forearm ischemia and salbutamol-induced changes in augmentation index, AI(x)). Arterial stiffness was assessed by AI(x) and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) was measured over 1 week. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In patients with OSA, flow-mediated dilatation was significantly lower than in control subjects (5.0% [SD, 2.7%] and 7.5% [SD, 3.3%], respectively; P = 0.003). AI(x) was significantly higher in the OSA group compared with the control group (26.0% [interquartile range (IQR), 19.0-29.5%] and 21.0% [IQR, 8.0-27.0%], respectively; P = 0.04). Change in AI(x) after both forearm ischemia and salbutamol was significantly smaller in patients with OSA (-2.0% [IQR, -5.0 to +4.0%] and -3.0% [IQR, -7.0 to 0.0%], respectively), than in control subjects (-6.0% [IQR, -8.0 to -5.0%] and -7.0% [IQR, -10.0 to -3.0%]; P = 0.005 and P = 0.04, respectively). ABP was similar (97.6 mm Hg [SD, 7.9 mm Hg] and 94.8 mm Hg [SD, 7.4 mm Hg], OSA and control groups, respectively; P = 0.21). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with minimally symptomatic OSA, diverse properties of endothelial function are impaired and arterial stiffness is increased. Although this was not associated with a significantly increased ABP, the findings suggest that patients with minimally symptomatic OSA are at increased cardiovascular risk.

Citations

86 citations in Web of Science®
101 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 28 Jan 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:28 Jan 2009 11:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:54
Publisher:American Thoracic Society
ISSN:1073-449X
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200805-717OC
PubMed ID:18658111

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations