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High-resolution HLA matching in unrelated donor transplantation in Switzerland: differential impact of class I and class II mismatches may reflect selection of nonimmunogenic or weakly immunogenic DRB1/DQB1 disparities


Passweg, J R; Schanz, U; Chalandon, Y; Güngör, T; Baldomero, H; Heim, D; Nair, G; Medinger, M; Masouridi-Levrat, S; de Faveri, G N; Tiercy, J-M (2015). High-resolution HLA matching in unrelated donor transplantation in Switzerland: differential impact of class I and class II mismatches may reflect selection of nonimmunogenic or weakly immunogenic DRB1/DQB1 disparities. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 50(9):1201-1205.

Abstract

Unrelated donor searches in Switzerland require high-resolution HLA typing for HLA-A/B/C/DRB1/DRB3,4/DQB1 loci. We evaluated this strategy accepting donors with ⩾9/10 match. Of 802 unrelated donor transplants in 2000-2013, 570 were 10/10 matched, 31 were DRB3/4 mismatched, 261 were single-allele mismatched and 13 had 2 allele mismatches. Of the 261 single-allele disparities, 60 concerned HLA-A/-B, 55 HLA-C and 73 HLA-DRB1/-DQB1 loci. Transplants were reduced intensity conditioning (289, 36%), marrow (187, 23%), EBMT risk score was low in 39, intermediate I in 331, intermediate II in 333 and high in 99 patients. Five-year survival was 48±4%. HLA affected survival in the multivariate model adjusted for risk score. HLA-A/-B and HLA-C mismatches had twice the mortality risks, whereas HLA-DRB1/-DQB1 mismatches were similar to matched transplants. HLA-DRB3/4 mismatches were associated with a nonsignificant increased mortality risk. HLA-DRB3/4 mismatches had higher graft-versus-host disease and transplant-related mortality risks and lower relapse rates compared with matched transplants. We show significant effects of HLA class I, but not HLA class II, mismatches. The lack of impact of DRB1 disparities may be related to the lower immunogenicity of the DRB1*11:01/11:04 and DRB1*14:01/14:54 mismatches, representing 46% of DRB1 incompatibilities. These results support a matching algorithm that prioritizes mismatches considered as more permissive.

Abstract

Unrelated donor searches in Switzerland require high-resolution HLA typing for HLA-A/B/C/DRB1/DRB3,4/DQB1 loci. We evaluated this strategy accepting donors with ⩾9/10 match. Of 802 unrelated donor transplants in 2000-2013, 570 were 10/10 matched, 31 were DRB3/4 mismatched, 261 were single-allele mismatched and 13 had 2 allele mismatches. Of the 261 single-allele disparities, 60 concerned HLA-A/-B, 55 HLA-C and 73 HLA-DRB1/-DQB1 loci. Transplants were reduced intensity conditioning (289, 36%), marrow (187, 23%), EBMT risk score was low in 39, intermediate I in 331, intermediate II in 333 and high in 99 patients. Five-year survival was 48±4%. HLA affected survival in the multivariate model adjusted for risk score. HLA-A/-B and HLA-C mismatches had twice the mortality risks, whereas HLA-DRB1/-DQB1 mismatches were similar to matched transplants. HLA-DRB3/4 mismatches were associated with a nonsignificant increased mortality risk. HLA-DRB3/4 mismatches had higher graft-versus-host disease and transplant-related mortality risks and lower relapse rates compared with matched transplants. We show significant effects of HLA class I, but not HLA class II, mismatches. The lack of impact of DRB1 disparities may be related to the lower immunogenicity of the DRB1*11:01/11:04 and DRB1*14:01/14:54 mismatches, representing 46% of DRB1 incompatibilities. These results support a matching algorithm that prioritizes mismatches considered as more permissive.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:September 2015
Deposited On:21 Jan 2016 10:13
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:53
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0268-3369
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/bmt.2015.129
PubMed ID:26052916

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