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Long-term quality of life after surgery for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction: extended gastrectomy or transthoracic esophagectomy?


Fuchs, Hans; Hölscher, Arnulf H; Leers, Jessica; Bludau, Marc; Brinkmann, Sebastian; Schröder, Wolfgang; Alakus, Hakan; Mönig, Stefan; Gutschow, Christian A (2016). Long-term quality of life after surgery for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction: extended gastrectomy or transthoracic esophagectomy? Gastric Cancer, 19(1):312-317.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction and extended transhiatal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction are alternative procedures in current therapeutic concepts for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). The impact of these operations on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQL) is incompletely understood. METHODS Patients with cancer-free survival of at least 24 months after esophagectomy (ESO) or extended gastrectomy (GAST) for AEG were identified from a prospectively maintained database. EORTC questionnaires were sent out to assess health-related general (QLQ-C30) and cancer-specific (OG-25) quality of life. Numeric scores were calculated for each conceptual area and compared with those of healthy reference populations. RESULTS 123 patients (ESO n = 71; GAST n = 52) completed the self-rated questionnaires. HRQL was consistently lower in surgical patients (GAST and ESO) compared with healthy reference populations. Also, there was a general trend for a better HRQL in GAST compared with ESO patients. This trend was statistically significant for physical function (p = 0.04), dyspnea (p = 0.02), and reflux (p = 0.03). Subgroup analysis revealed no significant differences between patients with or without prior neoadjuvant therapy. CONCLUSIONS After mid- and long-term follow-up, HRQL after extended gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction is superior to that after esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction. Improved HRQL after gastrectomy is mainly due to less pulmonary and reflux-related symptoms. Our findings may influence the choice of the surgical strategy for patients with AEG.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction and extended transhiatal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction are alternative procedures in current therapeutic concepts for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). The impact of these operations on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQL) is incompletely understood. METHODS Patients with cancer-free survival of at least 24 months after esophagectomy (ESO) or extended gastrectomy (GAST) for AEG were identified from a prospectively maintained database. EORTC questionnaires were sent out to assess health-related general (QLQ-C30) and cancer-specific (OG-25) quality of life. Numeric scores were calculated for each conceptual area and compared with those of healthy reference populations. RESULTS 123 patients (ESO n = 71; GAST n = 52) completed the self-rated questionnaires. HRQL was consistently lower in surgical patients (GAST and ESO) compared with healthy reference populations. Also, there was a general trend for a better HRQL in GAST compared with ESO patients. This trend was statistically significant for physical function (p = 0.04), dyspnea (p = 0.02), and reflux (p = 0.03). Subgroup analysis revealed no significant differences between patients with or without prior neoadjuvant therapy. CONCLUSIONS After mid- and long-term follow-up, HRQL after extended gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction is superior to that after esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction. Improved HRQL after gastrectomy is mainly due to less pulmonary and reflux-related symptoms. Our findings may influence the choice of the surgical strategy for patients with AEG.

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2 citations in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2016
Deposited On:21 Jan 2016 14:41
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:54
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1436-3291
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10120-015-0466-3
PubMed ID:25627475

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