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Impact and natural history of postprocedural aortic regurgitation on early and midterm mortality following transcatheter aortic valve implantation in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis


Ielasi, Alfonso; Latib, Azeem; Sacco, Francesco Maria; Costopoulos, Charis; Figini, Filippo; Grimaldi, Antonio; Naim, Charbel; Maisano, Francesco; Chieffo, Alaide; Montorfano, Matteo; Alfieri, Ottavio; Colombo, Antonio (2015). Impact and natural history of postprocedural aortic regurgitation on early and midterm mortality following transcatheter aortic valve implantation in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, 16(4):286-295.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Post-procedural aortic regurgitation (AR) negatively impacts the prognosis after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation. However, data evaluating the impact of different post-procedural AR grades (particularly mild) on clinical outcomes are still important.
AIM AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on all consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis who underwent trans-catheter aortic valve implantation between July 2008 and August 2011 in a single Institution. Aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of different post-procedural AR grades on early and mid-term clinical outcomes.
RESULTS: 322 consecutive patients were evaluated. At post-procedural echocardiographic evaluation: 105 (32.6%) patients had no AR, 204 (63.4%) mild AR and 13 (4%) moderate/severe AR. In-hospital mortality was higher in patients with moderate/severe AR than in those with absent or mild AR (38.5% vs. 2.6%, P < 0.001). At a median clinical follow-up of 342 days [interquartile range 93-485] cardiovascular mortality was 2.9% in patients without AR; 13.2% in the mild AR group (P = 0.004 vs. absent AR) and 46.2% in the moderate/severe AR group (P < 0.001 vs. mild or absent AR). On multivariable analysis, post-procedural AR (hazard ratio = 2.65 absent vs. present any grade, 95% confidence interval = 1.11-6.29; P = 0.027) was an independent predictor of mid-term mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: The impact of post-procedural AR on outcomes after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation is proportional with its grade even in case of mild post-procedural AR compared to absent. This study confirms that every effort should be made to reduce the grade of post-procedural AR after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation with current devices.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Post-procedural aortic regurgitation (AR) negatively impacts the prognosis after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation. However, data evaluating the impact of different post-procedural AR grades (particularly mild) on clinical outcomes are still important.
AIM AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on all consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis who underwent trans-catheter aortic valve implantation between July 2008 and August 2011 in a single Institution. Aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of different post-procedural AR grades on early and mid-term clinical outcomes.
RESULTS: 322 consecutive patients were evaluated. At post-procedural echocardiographic evaluation: 105 (32.6%) patients had no AR, 204 (63.4%) mild AR and 13 (4%) moderate/severe AR. In-hospital mortality was higher in patients with moderate/severe AR than in those with absent or mild AR (38.5% vs. 2.6%, P < 0.001). At a median clinical follow-up of 342 days [interquartile range 93-485] cardiovascular mortality was 2.9% in patients without AR; 13.2% in the mild AR group (P = 0.004 vs. absent AR) and 46.2% in the moderate/severe AR group (P < 0.001 vs. mild or absent AR). On multivariable analysis, post-procedural AR (hazard ratio = 2.65 absent vs. present any grade, 95% confidence interval = 1.11-6.29; P = 0.027) was an independent predictor of mid-term mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: The impact of post-procedural AR on outcomes after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation is proportional with its grade even in case of mild post-procedural AR compared to absent. This study confirms that every effort should be made to reduce the grade of post-procedural AR after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation with current devices.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:April 2015
Deposited On:02 Feb 2016 13:12
Last Modified:01 May 2016 00:01
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1558-2027
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2459/JCM.0000000000000249
PubMed ID:25643194

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