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Long-term oncologic outcome of an initial series of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer after a median follow-up of 10 years


Mortezavi, Ashkan; Sulser, Tullio; Robbiani, Jacopo; Drescher, Eva; Disteldorf, Daniel; Eberli, Daniel; Poyet, Cedric; Baumgartner, Martin K; Seifert, Hans-Helge; Hermanns, Thomas (2016). Long-term oncologic outcome of an initial series of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer after a median follow-up of 10 years. Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, 14(4):290-297.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: When laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) was introduced as a novel treatment option for prostate cancer, it had to compete with the established open techniques. The short- and intermediate-term oncologic and functional outcomes were encouraging and comparable to those with retropubic radical prostatectomy. However, the long-term oncologic safety for LRP has yet to be fully elucidated. We evaluated the long-term oncologic outcomes of an initial series of patients who had undergone LRP.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: An initial unselected and consecutive series of 100 patients who had undergone LRP for clinically localized prostate cancer from 1999 to 2001 was identified. The pre-, intra-, and postoperative data were collected. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) was defined as a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value of ≥ 0.2 ng/mL. The outcome measures were cancer control (CC), BCR-free survival (BCRFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS).
RESULTS: The mean patient age was 64 ± 7 years, and the mean preoperative PSA level was 9.6 ± 8.3 ng/mL. Of the 100 patients, 79 (79%) had stage pT2 and 15 (15%) had stage pT3 disease. Positive surgical margins were found in 25 patients (25%; 16.4% for pT2 and 40% for pT3). The median follow-up time was 126 months (range, 60-176 months). The 5-year CC rate was 82%. The estimated 10-year BCRFS was 83% and 80% for patients with stage pT2 and pT3 tumors, respectively. The median time to BCR was 52 months (range, 6-144 months). The estimated 10-year CSS and OS was 98% and 93%, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Our long-term follow-up data from an initial unselected patient cohort have indicated that LRP offers excellent long-term oncologic control for patients with localized prostate cancer.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: When laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) was introduced as a novel treatment option for prostate cancer, it had to compete with the established open techniques. The short- and intermediate-term oncologic and functional outcomes were encouraging and comparable to those with retropubic radical prostatectomy. However, the long-term oncologic safety for LRP has yet to be fully elucidated. We evaluated the long-term oncologic outcomes of an initial series of patients who had undergone LRP.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: An initial unselected and consecutive series of 100 patients who had undergone LRP for clinically localized prostate cancer from 1999 to 2001 was identified. The pre-, intra-, and postoperative data were collected. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) was defined as a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value of ≥ 0.2 ng/mL. The outcome measures were cancer control (CC), BCR-free survival (BCRFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS).
RESULTS: The mean patient age was 64 ± 7 years, and the mean preoperative PSA level was 9.6 ± 8.3 ng/mL. Of the 100 patients, 79 (79%) had stage pT2 and 15 (15%) had stage pT3 disease. Positive surgical margins were found in 25 patients (25%; 16.4% for pT2 and 40% for pT3). The median follow-up time was 126 months (range, 60-176 months). The 5-year CC rate was 82%. The estimated 10-year BCRFS was 83% and 80% for patients with stage pT2 and pT3 tumors, respectively. The median time to BCR was 52 months (range, 6-144 months). The estimated 10-year CSS and OS was 98% and 93%, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Our long-term follow-up data from an initial unselected patient cohort have indicated that LRP offers excellent long-term oncologic control for patients with localized prostate cancer.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:23 Feb 2016 13:46
Last Modified:22 Jul 2016 01:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1558-7673
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2015.11.006
PubMed ID:26710661

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