UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The effect of QRS duration on cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with a narrow QRS complex: a subgroup analysis of the EchoCRT trial


Steffel, Jan; Robertson, Michele; Singh, Jagmeet P; Abraham, William T; Bax, Jeroen J; Borer, Jeffrey S; Dickstein, Kenneth; Ford, Ian; Gorcsan, John; Gras, Daniel; Krum, Henry; Sogaard, Peter; Holzmeister, Johannes; Brugada, Josep; Ruschitzka, Frank (2015). The effect of QRS duration on cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with a narrow QRS complex: a subgroup analysis of the EchoCRT trial. European Heart Journal, 36(30):1983-1989.

Abstract

AIMS: In EchoCRT, a randomized trial evaluating the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with a QRS duration of <130 ms and echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular dyssynchrony, the primary outcome occurred more frequently in the CRT when compared with the control group. According to current heart failure guidelines, CRT is recommended in patients with a QRS duration of ≥120 ms. However, there is some ambiguity from clinical trial data regarding the benefit of patients with a QRS duration of 120-130 ms.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The main EchoCRT trial was prematurely terminated due to futility. For the current subgroup analysis we compared data for CRT-ON vs. -OFF in patients with QRS < 120 (n = 661) and QRS 120-130 ms (n = 139). On uni- and multivariable analyses, no significant interaction was observed between the two groups and randomized treatment for the primary or any of the secondary endpoints. On multivariable analysis, a higher risk for the primary endpoint was observed in patients with a QRS duration of 120-130 ms randomized to CRT-ON vs. CRT-OFF (hazard ratio 2.18, 95% CI 1.02-4.65; P = 0.044). However, no statistically significant interaction, compared with patients with QRS < 120 ms randomized to CRT-ON vs. CRT-OFF, was noted (P-interaction = 0.160).
CONCLUSIONS: In this pre-specified subgroup analysis of EchoCRT, no benefit of CRT was evident in patients with a QRS duration of 120-130 ms. These data further question the usefulness of CRT in this patient population.

Abstract

AIMS: In EchoCRT, a randomized trial evaluating the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with a QRS duration of <130 ms and echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular dyssynchrony, the primary outcome occurred more frequently in the CRT when compared with the control group. According to current heart failure guidelines, CRT is recommended in patients with a QRS duration of ≥120 ms. However, there is some ambiguity from clinical trial data regarding the benefit of patients with a QRS duration of 120-130 ms.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The main EchoCRT trial was prematurely terminated due to futility. For the current subgroup analysis we compared data for CRT-ON vs. -OFF in patients with QRS < 120 (n = 661) and QRS 120-130 ms (n = 139). On uni- and multivariable analyses, no significant interaction was observed between the two groups and randomized treatment for the primary or any of the secondary endpoints. On multivariable analysis, a higher risk for the primary endpoint was observed in patients with a QRS duration of 120-130 ms randomized to CRT-ON vs. CRT-OFF (hazard ratio 2.18, 95% CI 1.02-4.65; P = 0.044). However, no statistically significant interaction, compared with patients with QRS < 120 ms randomized to CRT-ON vs. CRT-OFF, was noted (P-interaction = 0.160).
CONCLUSIONS: In this pre-specified subgroup analysis of EchoCRT, no benefit of CRT was evident in patients with a QRS duration of 120-130 ms. These data further question the usefulness of CRT in this patient population.

Citations

9 citations in Web of Science®
9 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:7 August 2015
Deposited On:15 Feb 2016 14:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 20:02
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehv242
PubMed ID:26009595

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations