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Accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography using prospective electrocardiogram-triggering: first clinical experience


Herzog, B A; Husmann, L; Burkhard, N; Gaemperli, O; Valenta, I; Tatsugami, F; Wyss, C A; Landmesser, U; Kaufmann, P A (2008). Accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography using prospective electrocardiogram-triggering: first clinical experience. European Heart Journal, 29(24):3037-3042.

Abstract

AIMS: To evaluate the accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) using prospective ECG-triggering for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 30 patients (19 males, 11 females, mean age 58.8 +/- 9.9 years) underwent low-dose CTCA and invasive coronary angiography (CA) [median 2 days (0, 41)]. Before CT scanning, intravenous beta-blocker was administered in 18 of 30 patients as heart rate (HR) was >65 b.p.m., achieving a mean HR of 55.7 +/- 7.9 b.p.m. CAD was defined as coronary artery narrowing > or =50%, using CA as standard of reference. The estimated mean effective radiation dose was 2.1 +/- 0.7 mSv (range: 1.0-3.3), yielding 96.0% (383/399) of evaluable segments. On an intention-to-diagnose-base, all non-evaluative segments were included in the analysis. Vessels with a non-evaluative segment and no further finding were censored as false positive. Patient-based analysis revealed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 100, 83.3, 90.0, and 100%, respectively. The respective values per vessel were 100, 88.9, 85.7, and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Prospective ECG-triggering allows low-dose CTCA and provides high diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of CAD in patients with stable sinus rhythm and a low heart rate.

AIMS: To evaluate the accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) using prospective ECG-triggering for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 30 patients (19 males, 11 females, mean age 58.8 +/- 9.9 years) underwent low-dose CTCA and invasive coronary angiography (CA) [median 2 days (0, 41)]. Before CT scanning, intravenous beta-blocker was administered in 18 of 30 patients as heart rate (HR) was >65 b.p.m., achieving a mean HR of 55.7 +/- 7.9 b.p.m. CAD was defined as coronary artery narrowing > or =50%, using CA as standard of reference. The estimated mean effective radiation dose was 2.1 +/- 0.7 mSv (range: 1.0-3.3), yielding 96.0% (383/399) of evaluable segments. On an intention-to-diagnose-base, all non-evaluative segments were included in the analysis. Vessels with a non-evaluative segment and no further finding were censored as false positive. Patient-based analysis revealed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 100, 83.3, 90.0, and 100%, respectively. The respective values per vessel were 100, 88.9, 85.7, and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Prospective ECG-triggering allows low-dose CTCA and provides high diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of CAD in patients with stable sinus rhythm and a low heart rate.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2008
Deposited On:02 Feb 2009 17:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:56
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
Publisher DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehn485
PubMed ID:18996954
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-12236

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