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Decreased umbilical artery compliance and igf-I plasma levels in infants with intrauterine growth restriction - implications for fetal programming of hypertension


Burkhardt, T; Matter, C M; Lohmann, C; Cai, H; Lüscher, T F; Zisch, A H; Beinder, E (2009). Decreased umbilical artery compliance and igf-I plasma levels in infants with intrauterine growth restriction - implications for fetal programming of hypertension. Placenta, 30(2):136-141.

Abstract

Epidemiological studies link intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) to arterial hypertension in adulthood. We compared umbilical arteries from IUGR (n=12, <5th weight percentile) vs. appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants (n=12) using structural and functional analyses. The vessel wall area of umbilical arteries in the IUGR group was significantly smaller than in the AGA group (2.8 vs. 3.8mm(2), P<0.05). Myographic measurements showed that maximal tension [mN/mm] as well as maximal force [mN] were both significantly increased in IUGR arteries compared with AGA arteries (P<0.05). Serum levels of IGF-I, a regulator of elastin synthesis, were significantly lower in IUGR cord blood (P<0.01) than in AGA cord blood. These IGF-I serum levels correlated significantly with maximum tension in umbilical arteries (P<0.01). Low intrauterine IGF-I serum levels may account for thinner and stiffer umbilical arteries in IUGR infants in comparison to AGA infants thereby providing a potential link to arterial hypertension in adulthood.

Epidemiological studies link intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) to arterial hypertension in adulthood. We compared umbilical arteries from IUGR (n=12, <5th weight percentile) vs. appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants (n=12) using structural and functional analyses. The vessel wall area of umbilical arteries in the IUGR group was significantly smaller than in the AGA group (2.8 vs. 3.8mm(2), P<0.05). Myographic measurements showed that maximal tension [mN/mm] as well as maximal force [mN] were both significantly increased in IUGR arteries compared with AGA arteries (P<0.05). Serum levels of IGF-I, a regulator of elastin synthesis, were significantly lower in IUGR cord blood (P<0.01) than in AGA cord blood. These IGF-I serum levels correlated significantly with maximum tension in umbilical arteries (P<0.01). Low intrauterine IGF-I serum levels may account for thinner and stiffer umbilical arteries in IUGR infants in comparison to AGA infants thereby providing a potential link to arterial hypertension in adulthood.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Obstetrics
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2009
Deposited On:13 Mar 2009 12:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:56
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0143-4004
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.placenta.2008.11.005
PubMed ID:19070892
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-12237

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