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No association of two functional polymorphisms in human ALOX15 with myocardial infarction


Hersberger, M; Müller, M; Marti-Jaun, J; Heid, I M; Coassin, S; Young, T F; Waechter, V; Hengstenberg, C; Meisinger, C; Peters, A; König, W; Holmer, S; Schunkert, H; Klopp, N; Kronenberg, F; Illig, T (2009). No association of two functional polymorphisms in human ALOX15 with myocardial infarction. Atherosclerosis, 205(1):192-196.

Abstract

The 12/15-lipoxygenase plays a janus-role in inflammation with pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects in cell systems and even opposite effects on atherosclerosis in two different animal species. Screening of the human 15-lipoxygenase (ALOX15) gene detected a polymorphic C to T substitution at position c.-292, which led to three times higher ALOX15 activity in macrophages and showed a trend to be atheroprotective in a small case-control study for coronary artery disease (CAD). A second polymorphism at position c.1693C>T leading to an T560M exchange and an inactive enzyme was recently associated with increased CAD. We now investigated whether these polymorphisms or a certain haplotype of ALOX15 are associated with myocardial infarction (MI) in a case-control subset from the population-based MONIKA/KORA cohort S3. Six polymorphisms in ALOX15 were analyzed in 2629 participants to cover all major haplotypes with a frequency higher than 1% in the Caucasian population. None of the polymorphism was associated with MI but a rare ALOX15 haplotype showed a significant protective effect on the risk for MI (p=0.03). However, none of the polymorphisms or haplotypes was associated with CRP levels. These data suggest that ALOX15 may play a less prominent role during later stages of atherosclerosis involving atherothrombotic mechanisms than eventually during early plaque development.

Abstract

The 12/15-lipoxygenase plays a janus-role in inflammation with pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects in cell systems and even opposite effects on atherosclerosis in two different animal species. Screening of the human 15-lipoxygenase (ALOX15) gene detected a polymorphic C to T substitution at position c.-292, which led to three times higher ALOX15 activity in macrophages and showed a trend to be atheroprotective in a small case-control study for coronary artery disease (CAD). A second polymorphism at position c.1693C>T leading to an T560M exchange and an inactive enzyme was recently associated with increased CAD. We now investigated whether these polymorphisms or a certain haplotype of ALOX15 are associated with myocardial infarction (MI) in a case-control subset from the population-based MONIKA/KORA cohort S3. Six polymorphisms in ALOX15 were analyzed in 2629 participants to cover all major haplotypes with a frequency higher than 1% in the Caucasian population. None of the polymorphism was associated with MI but a rare ALOX15 haplotype showed a significant protective effect on the risk for MI (p=0.03). However, none of the polymorphisms or haplotypes was associated with CRP levels. These data suggest that ALOX15 may play a less prominent role during later stages of atherosclerosis involving atherothrombotic mechanisms than eventually during early plaque development.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2009
Deposited On:02 Feb 2009 16:49
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:56
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0021-9150
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2008.11.017
PubMed ID:19131063

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