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Measurement of the ratio of branching fractions $\mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\tau^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\tau})/\mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\mu^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\mu})$


LHCb Collaboration; Aaij, R; Anderson, J; Bernet, R; Bowen, E; Bursche, A; Chiapolini, N; Chraszcz, M; Elsasser, C; Graverini, E; Lionetto, F; Mauri, A; Müller, K; Serra, N; Steinkamp, O; Storaci, B; Straumann, U; Tresch, M; Vollhardt, A; Weiden, A; et al (2015). Measurement of the ratio of branching fractions $\mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\tau^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\tau})/\mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\mu^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\mu})$. Physical Review Letters, 115:111803.

Abstract

The branching fraction ratio $\mathcal{R}(D^{*}) \equiv \mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\tau^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\tau})/\mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\mu^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\mu})$ is measured using a sample of proton-proton collision data corresponding to 3.0\invfb of integrated luminosity recorded by the LHCb experiment during 2011 and 2012. The tau lepton is identified in the decay mode $\tau^{-} \to \mu^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\mu}\nu_{\tau}$. The semitauonic decay is sensitive to contributions from non-Standard-Model particles that preferentially couple to the third generation of fermions, in particular Higgs-like charged scalars. A multidimensional fit to kinematic distributions of the candidate $\overline{B}^0$ decays gives $\mathcal{R}(D^{*}) = 0.336 \pm 0.027(stat) \pm 0.030 (syst)$. This result, which is the first measurement of this quantity at a hadron collider, is $2.1$ standard deviations larger than the value expected from lepton universality in the Standard Model.

Abstract

The branching fraction ratio $\mathcal{R}(D^{*}) \equiv \mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\tau^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\tau})/\mathcal{B}(\overline{B}^0 \to D^{*+}\mu^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\mu})$ is measured using a sample of proton-proton collision data corresponding to 3.0\invfb of integrated luminosity recorded by the LHCb experiment during 2011 and 2012. The tau lepton is identified in the decay mode $\tau^{-} \to \mu^{-}\overline{\nu}_{\mu}\nu_{\tau}$. The semitauonic decay is sensitive to contributions from non-Standard-Model particles that preferentially couple to the third generation of fermions, in particular Higgs-like charged scalars. A multidimensional fit to kinematic distributions of the candidate $\overline{B}^0$ decays gives $\mathcal{R}(D^{*}) = 0.336 \pm 0.027(stat) \pm 0.030 (syst)$. This result, which is the first measurement of this quantity at a hadron collider, is $2.1$ standard deviations larger than the value expected from lepton universality in the Standard Model.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:17 Feb 2016 15:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 20:09
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.111803
Related URLs:http://arxiv.org/abs/1506.08614v2 (Organisation)

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